THE GODS AND GODDESSES OF ROMAN BRITAIN

 

The following catalogue of gods, goddesses and cults is based on inscriptions found in Britain.

References:

RIB = RG Collingwood and RP Wright, The Roman Inscriptions of Britain, volume 1, OUP, 1965, reprinted Alan Sutton Publishing,1995

Brit. and JRS = Britannia and Journal of Roman Studies, published by the Society for the Promotion of Roman Studies, e-mail romansoc@sas.ac.uk

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Abandinus

Godmanchester: bronze plaque by Vatiaucus. RIB 2432.4

 

Aesculapius/Asklepios

Binchester: altar to [Aesc]ulapius by M. Aurelius [...]ocomas, medicus, for welfare of ala Vettonum. RIB 1028 (with Salus)

Burrow-in-Lonsdale (Overborough): altar by Julius Saturninus. RIB 609 (with Hygiaea (sic))

Chester: altar by Antiochos, hiatros (in Greek). JRS lix (1969), 235, no. 3 (with Hygiaea and Panakeia)

Chester: altar by the legate T. Pomponius Mamilianus. RIB 445 (with Fortuna Redux, and Salus)

Lanchester: altar to [Aescula]pius by the tribune T. Flavius Titianus with parallel Greek text (known from RIB 1083, Ebchester, to have been tribune of cohors I Vardullorum during the governorship of Antistius Adventus, c. 175-8). RIB 1072

Maryport: slab by A. Egnatius Pastor (in Greek). RIB 808

South Shields: altar to Esculap(ius) by P. Viboleius Secundus. RIB 1052

 

Alaisiagae, see also Beda, Baudihillia, Fimmilena, and Friagabis

Housesteads altar by 'the Germans' of cuneus Frisiorum Ver(covicianorum) Se(v)e(riani) Alexandriani between 222-35. RIB 1594 (with Mars and Numen Augusti)

 

Ammilla Augusta Felix

London: miniature bronze warship prow. Identification uncertain, possibly the personification of a named ship. RIB 2432.1

 

Ancasta

Bitterne: altar by Geminus. RIB 97

 

Andate ('Victory')

Unlocated: referred to as the 'grave of Andate' by Dio and a place where the members of the Boudican Revolt conducted various sacrificial acts. Dio lxii.7

 

Andescociuoucus (see Mercury)

 

Anicetus, see Mithras

 

Anociticus, see Antenociticus

 

Antenociticus, also Anociticus

Benwell: altar by Aelius Vibius, centurion of XX Valeria Victrix. RIB 1327 (with Numina Augustorum) (56)

Benwell: altar by cohors I Vangionum under the prefect [...]c(ius) Cassi[anus]. RIB 1328

Benwell: altar to Anociticus by Tineius Longus, prefect of cavalry, between 177-80. RIB 1329

 

Apollo, see also Genius collegii Apollinis

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2174 (with Diana)

Bar Hill: altar to [Apoll]in[i]. RIB 2165

Chester-le-Street: altar by Tertius. RIB 1043

Hadrian's Wall (near mc 42): altar by Melonius Senilis, duplicarius from Germania Superior. RIB 1665

Nettleton: bronze plaque by Decimius. RIB 2432.3

Newstead: altar by L. Maximius Gaetulicus, legionary centurion. RIB 2120

Scarcroft: altar. JRS lv (1965), 221, no. 6 (with Numen)

Whitley Castle: altar by Gaius [......]ius of cohors [II] Nerviorum. RIB 1198

 

Apollo Anextiomarus

South Shields: bronze patera by Marcus A[...] Sab(inus). RIB 2415.55

 

Apollo Anicetus, see Sol Apollo Anicetus

 

Apollo Clarius, see Clarius Apollo

 

Apollo Cunomaglos

Nettleton: altar by Corotica, son or daughter of Iutus. JRS lii (1962), 191, no. 4 (and Wedlake 1982, 135-6, no. 1)

 

Apollo Grannus

Inveresk: altar by Q. Lusius Sabinianus, procurator Augusti. RIB 2132 (see also ILS 4649)

 

Apollo Maponus

Corbridge: altar by Q. Terentius Firmus, praefectus castrorum of VI Victrix. RIB 1120

Corbridge: altar by [Calp]urnius [...], tribune. RIB 1121

Corbridge: altar by Publius Aelius [...], centurion of VI Victrix. RIB 1122

Ribchester: shaft by Aelius Antoninus, centurion of VI Victrix and commander of n(umerus) eq(uitum) Sar[m(atarum)] Bremetenn(acensium) [G]ordiani between 238-44. RIB 583

 

Arciaco (with Numen Augusti)

York: altar by Mat... Vitalis, centurion. RIB 640 (with Numen Augusti) (69). But note the variant on Mercury (next entry) which may possibly explain this otherwise-unknown deity.

 

Arecurius see Corbridge under Mercury as Arecurio

 

Arimanes

York: statue by Volusius Irenaeus. RIB 641

 

Arnomecta

Brough-on-Noe: altar by Aelius Motio. RIB 281

 

Astarte

Corbridge: altar by Pulcher (in Greek). RIB 1124

 

Balatucadrus see Belatucadrus

 

Barrax, see Mars Barrax

 

Baudihillia et Friagabis (Alaisiagae)

Housesteads: altar by numerus Hnaudifridi. RIB 1576 (with Numen Augusti)

 

Beda et Fimmilena (Alaisiagae)

Housesteads: shrine door jam by 'Germans, citizens of Twenthe'. RIB 1593 (with Mars Thincsus, and Numen Augusti)

 

Belatucadrus and variants, see also Mars Belatucadrus

Bowness-on-Solway: altar to Belatocairo by Peisius, m(iles). RIB 2056

Brougham: altar to B[a]latu(cadrus). RIB 772

Brougham: altar to Balatucairus by Baculo. RIB 773

Brougham: altar to Blatucairus by Audagus. RIB 774

Brougham: altar to Belatu[ca]drus by Julianus. RIB 775

Brougham: altar to Belatucadrus. RIB 776

Brougham: statue to Belatucadrus. RIB 777

Brougham: altar to Belatucabrous. JRS lix (1969), 237, no. 7

Burgh-by-Sands: altar to Belatucadrus. RIB 2038

Burgh-by-Sands: altar to Belatocadrus by Antr(onius) Auf(idianus?). RIB 2039

Burgh-by-Sands: altar to Belatucadrus. RIB 2044

Carlisle: altar to Belatucadrus. RIB 948

Carrawburgh: altar to Belleticaurus by Lunaris. RIB 1521

Carvoran: altar to Baliticaurus. RIB 1775

Carvoran: altar to Blatucadrus. RIB 1776

Castlesteads: altar to Belatugagrus by Minervalis. RIB 1976

Castlesteads: altar to Be[l]atuca[dr]us by Ullinus. RIB 1977 (and Brit. v (1974), 463, no. 10)

Kirkby Thore: altar to Belatucadrus by [...]iolus. RIB 759

Maryport: altar to Belatucadrus by Julius Civilis, optio. RIB 809

Old Carlisle: altar to Belatucadrus by Aurelius Tasulus, vet(eranus). RIB 887

Old Carlisle: altar to Belatucadrus by Aurelius Diatova. RIB 888

Old Carlisle: altar to Belatucaurus. RIB 889

Old Penrith: altar to Bel[a]tuca[drus]. RIB 914

Old Penrith: altar to Balatocadrus. Brit. ix (1977), 474, no. 7

Old Penrith: altar to Belatucairus. Brit. ix (1977), 474, no. 8

 

Bellona

Old Carlisle: altar by Rufinus, prefect of ala Augusta, and his son Latinianus. RIB 890

 

Bona Dea Regina Caelestis (the Good Goddess, Queen, Caelestis), see also Regina Caelestis and Virgo Caelestis

Chesters: altar. RIB 1448

 

Bona Fortuna

Corbridge: altar to B(ona) F(ortuna). RIB 1135 (with Panthea)

 

Bonus Eventus et Fortuna

Caerleon: slab by Cornelius Castus and his wife Julia Belismicus. RIB 318

York: slab to [Bono Eventu]i et F[ortunae]? RIB 642 (RIB 703 is part of the same)

 

Braciaca, see Mars Braciaca

 

Bregans

Slack: altar by T. Aurelius Quintus. RIB 623 (and Numen Augusti)

 

Brigantia see also Caelestis Brigantia, Nympha Brigantia, Brigantia Augusta, and Victoria Brigantia

Adel: altar by Cingetissa. RIB 630

Birrens: figure in gabled relief by Amandus arcitectus. RIB 2091 (49)

South Shields: altar by Congeniccus. RIB 1053

 

Britannia

Balmuildy: altar by Q. Pisentius Justus, prefect of cohors IIII Gallorum between 138-61. RIB 2195 (with Campestres)

York: altar by Nikomedes, imperial libertus. RIB 643

 

Caelestis Brigantia

Corbridge: altar by G. Julius Apolinaris, centurion of VI Victrix, his name, rank and unit replacing someone else's or else recarved to make a correction. RIB 1131 (with Jupiter Aeternus Dolichenus and Salus). See also Brit. xxvi (1995), 380, no. 7 for another possibility

 

Campestres (Goddesses of the Parade Ground), see also Matres Campestres

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2177 (with Mars, Minerva, Hercules, Epona and Victoria)

Balmuildy: altar by Q. Pisentius Justus, prefect of cohors IIII Gallorum between 138-61. RIB 2195 (with Britannia)

Gloster Hill: altar by cohors I [...]. RIB 1206

Newstead: altar by Aelius Marcus, decurio of ala Augusta Vocontiorum. RIB 2121

 

Camulus see Mars Camulus

 

Capitolinus, see Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus

 

Cautes (associate of Mithras)

Carlisle: altar by Julius Archietus. RIB 943

 

Cautopates (associate of Mithras)

Lanchester: altar to C(auto)p(ates). RIB 1082 (with Mithras and Sol Invictus)

 

Ceres Dea Suria (Ceres, the Syrian Goddess)

Carvoran: altar by M. Caecilius Donatianus, serving as tribune in the post of prefect, between 197-217. RIB 1791 (with Mater, Pax, and Virgo Caelestis)

 

Christos (represented by the XP 'Chi-Rho' monogram and/or A W 'Alpha' and 'Omega'), see also Deus

Ashton: lead tank bearing XP. RIB 2416.13

Biddulph: silver spoon bearing A XP W. RIB 2420.56

Brough: lead tank bearing IX, for Iesus Xristus. Brit. xxvi (1995), 318-22

Canterbury: silver spoons bearing XP. RIB 2420.60-1

East Stoke: lead tank bearing XP. RIB 2416.8

Gwent [found in 'Monmouthshire']: silver spoon bearing A XP W. RIB 2420.57

Icklingham: lead tanks bearing W XP A. RIB 2416.9

Icklingham: lead tanks bearing XP. RIB 2416.10

Lullingstone: wall-paintings bearing A XP W and images of people praying. RIB 2447.6-8

Maryport: stone plaque inscribed XP. RIB 856

Mildenhall: silver spoons bearing A XP W. RIB 2420.53-5

Traprain Law: silver spoons bearing XP. RIB 2420.58-9

Walesby: lead tank bearing XP. RIB 2416.14

Water Newton: silver bowl by Innocentia and Viventia, bearing A XP W. RIB 2414.1

Water Newton: silver bowl/cup bearing A XP W, and naming a sacred sanctuary. RIB 2414.2

Water Newton: silver strainers bearing A XP W. RIB 2414.3

Water Newton: silver strainers bearing XP and Iesus Xristus. RIB 2414.21

Water Newton: silver pan bearing XP W. RIB 2414.4

Water Newton: gold disc bearing A XP W. RIB 2430.3

Water Newton: silver plaque bearing W XP A. RIB 2431.1

Water Newton: silver plaques bearing A XP W. RIB 2431.4-11 (57)

Wigginholt: lead tank bearing XP. RIB 2416.12

Winchester: floor tile inscribed with XP. Brit. xxiv (1993), 316-17, no. 18

 

Clarius Apollo

Housesteads: altar recording the oracle of Clarian Apollo in Ionia by cohors I Tungrorum. There are various references in classical texts, for example Ovid, Fasti I.20. RIB 1579

 

Claudius Divus (the deified Emperor Claudius)

Colchester: templum divo Claudio in use by the year 60. Tacitus, Annals xiv.31

 

Cocidius, see also Mars Cocidius, Silvanus Cocidius and Vernostonus Cocidius

Bewcastle: altar by Annius Victor, legionary centurion. RIB 985

Bewcastle: silver plaque. RIB 986

Bewcastle: silver plaque by Aventinus. RIB 987

Bewcastle: altar by Aurunceius Felicessemus, tribune promoted from evocatus. RIB 988

Bewcastle: altar by Q. Peltrasius Maximus, tribune, promoted from cornicularius to the Praetorian Prefects. RIB 989

Birdoswald: altar by [Tere]ntius Valerianus, commanding cohors I Aelia [Dacorum]. RIB 1872

Birdoswald: primary dedication on an altar with secondary, and probably unrelated, dedication to Jupiter Optimus Maximus by Pomponius Desideratus, tribune commanding cohors I Aelia Dacorum between 270-3. RIB 1885

Hadrian's Wall (near milecastle 37): altar by Vabrius. RIB 1633

Hadrian's Wall (milecastle 52): altar by II Augusta. RIB 1955

Hadrian's Wall (milecastle 52): altar by XX Valeria Victrix between 262-6. RIB 1956

Hadrian's Wall (near milecastle 55): altar by a vexillation from VI Victrix. RIB 1961

Hadrian's Wall (near milecastle 55): altar to Co[cidius]. RIB 1963

Hadrian's Wall (near milecastle 60): altar by VI Victrix. RIB 2020

Housesteads: altar by Valerius, soldier with VI Victrix. RIB 1577 (with Genius praesidii)

Housesteads: altar by II Augusta. RIB 1583 (with Genius huius loci and Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Netherby (or Bewcastle ?): altar by Paternius Maternus, tribune commanding cohors I Nerviorum and promoted from evocatus Palatinus (recorded at Netherby, probably erroneously). RIB 966

Risingham: altar. RIB 1207 (with Silvanus)

Vindolanda: altar by D. Caerellius Victor, prefect of cohors II Nerviorum. RIB 1683

 

Concordia legionis II Augusta et legionis XX (The Concord of II Augusta and XX)

Carlisle: base of sculptured relief. Brit. xx (1989), 331, no. 4

 

Concordia legionis VI Victrix Pia Fidelis et legionis XX (The Concord of VI Victrix Pia Fidelis and XX Valeria Victrix)

Corbridge: slab. RIB 1125

 

Condates, see Mars Condates

 

Conservatores (the Preservers-of-welfare Gods)

South Shields: altar dedicated 211-12. RIB 1054

 

Contrebis, see also Ialonus Contrebis

Burrow-in-Lonsdale (Overborough): altar by Vatta. RIB 610

 

Coventina, see also Coventina Augusta, and Nympha Coventina

Carrawburgh: altar to Conventina (sic) by Bellicus. RIB 1522

Carrawburgh: altar to Conveti(na) by Mausaeus, optio of cohors I Frixiavonum. RIB 1523

Carrawburgh: altar to Coventina by Aurelius Campester for cohors I Cubernorum. RIB 1524

Carrawburgh: altar to Coventina by Aurelius Crotus, a German. RIB 1525

Carrawburgh: altar to Coven(tina) by Vinomathus. RIB 1528

Carrawburgh: altar to Coventina by P[...]anus, miles. RIB 1529

Carrawburgh: altar to Covetine by Crotus. RIB 1532

Carrawburgh: altar to Covontina by Vincentius. RIB 1533

Carrawburgh: gabled relief to Covventina by Titus D(...) Cosconianus, prefect of cohors I Batavorum. RIB 1534 (58)

Carrawburgh: relief to Covven[ti(na)] by Aelius [...]pius, prefect of cohors I Batavorum. RIB 1535

 

Coventina Augusta

Carrawburgh: clay incense burner to Cove(n)tina Augusta made by Saturninus Gabinius. RIB 1530 and (revised) RIB 2457.2

 

Cuda(?)

Daglingworth: relief. RIB 129

 

Cultores (Gods of this Place)

Risingham: altar by Julius Victor, tribune (of cohors I Vangionum; see RIB 1217 under Jupiter Optimus Maximus below). RIB 1208

 

Custodes (Guardian Gods)

Vindolanda: altar by cohors II[II] Gallorum and Ve[...] Caecil[...]. RIB 1687 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus and Genius)

 

Deus, see also Mithras, and Mithras Invictus

Caistor St Edmund: silver spoon bearing Vivas in Deo, in this case implicitly Christian in the phrasing of the exhortation. RIB 2420.49

Carvoran: pedestal or perhaps an unfinished altar recording the gift of a bracelet (armilum) from Binius. RIB 1806

Old Carlisle: altar to [D]eo by Flavius Aventinus. RIB 904

Rudchester: altar by L. Sentius Castus, (centurion?) of VI Victrix. In this case, the findspot in the fort mithraeum makes it certain that Mithras is meant. RIB 1398 (59)

 

Deus qui vias et semitas commentus est (God who devised roads and paths)

Catterick: altar by Titus Irdas, singularis consularis, and restored by Q. Varius Vitalis, beneficiarius consularis, in 191. RIB 725

 

Diana

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2174 (with Apollo)

Bath: altar by Vettius B[e]nignus, lib(ertus). RIB 138

Caerleon: slab recording restoration of a temple of Diana by T. Flavius Postumius [V]arus, senator and (legionary) legate, probably mid-third century if this is the man who was praefectus urbi in Rome in 271 (see RIB). RIB 316

Corbridge: altar by N[...]. RIB 1126

Risingham: altar by Aelia Timo. RIB 1209

 

Diana Regina

Newstead: altar by G. Arrius Domitianus, centurion of XX Valeria Victrix. RIB 2122 (see this man again at Newstead under Jupiter Optimus Maximus and Silvanus)

 

Digenus?

Chester-le-Street: altar to Dig(enus?). RIB 1044

Hadrian's Wall (between Wallsend and Newcastle): altar to Di[genus?] (reading very doubtful). RIB 1314

 

Dis

Lincoln: on a tombstone of a 9-year-old girl. RIB 265

 

Disciplina/Discipulina Augusti/Augustorum (Discipline of the Emperor/Emperors)

Bertha: slab to Discipulinae Augusti. JRS xlix (1959), 136-7, no. 6

Bewcastle: altar to Discip(linae) Aug(usti) (secondary text). RIB 990

Birrens: altar by cohors II Tungrorum c(ivium) L(atinorum). RIB 2092

Castlesteads: altar of 209-11, rededicated 212-17, based on the text AUGGG, altered to AUG, i.e. for Severus and his sons, and then Caracalla alone. RIB 1978

Chesters: altar by ala Augusta for the Disciplina of Hadrian, 117-38. Brit. x (1979), 346, no. 7

Corbridge: base to Discipulinae Augustorum by II Augusta. RIB 1127

Corbridge?: slab to [Disci]p(ulinae) August[orum?] by cohors I [fida Vardullor?]um under [P. Calpu]rnius Victor. RIB asserts that this cannot predate 161-9, the first period of co-emperorship, but the relevant part of the text is not extant so this is only an inference. The same applies to the dedicant's name. RIB 1128

Greatchesters: altar. RIB 1723

 

Dolichenus, see Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus, and Jupiter Dolichenus

 

Domesticae, see Matres Domesticae

 

Domina Nemesis (Lady Nemesis)

Caerleon: lead curse (anonymous). RIB 323

 

Domus Divina (Divine Imperial House)

Castlesteads(?): altar to Brigantia in honour of Caracalla and his divine house by M. Cocceius Nigrinus, [pr]oc(urator) Aug(usti), between 212-17. RIB 2066 (with Nympha Brigantia)

Chichester: column base. RIB 89 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Chichester: slab recording the building of a temple to Neptune and Minerva in honour of the Domus Divina by the guild of smiths on a site given by [...]ens, son of Pudentinus, and by the authority of T. Claudius Togidubnus (see Chapter 9). RIB 91 (with Neptune and Minerva)

Old Penrith: slab to D(omus) D(ivinae) recording the rebuilding of a temple by Aurelius At[tianus?], prefect of cohors II Gallorum. RIB 916 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus)

Vindolanda: altar by vicus inhabitants at Vindolanda. RIB 1700 (with Numina Augustorum and Volcanus)

 

Epona

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2177 (with Campestres, Mars, Minerva, Hercules, and Victoria)

Carvoran: altar by P[...] So[...]. RIB 1777

 

Fatum Bonum (Good Fate)

Maryport: altar by G. Cornelius Peregrinus, tribune of the cohort and decurio of Saldae in Mauretania Caesariensis. RIB 812 (with Fortuna Redux, Genius loci, and Roma Aeterna)

 

Faunus (all on silver spoons unless otherwise mentioned)

Thetford: as Faunus Andicrose. RIB 2420.11

Thetford: as Faunus Ausecus (Faunus prick-ear/long-ear?). RIB 2420.12-13

Thetford: as Faunus Blotugus (Faunus Bringer of Spring Blossom or Fosterer of Corn?). RIB 2420.14

Thetford: as Faunus Cranus. RIB 2420.15-16

Thetford: as Faunus Medigenus (Faunus the Mead-Begotten?). RIB 2420.17-19

Thetford: as Faunus Narius (Faunus the Lord), see also Narius below. RIB 2420.20-1

Thetford: as Faunus Saternius (Faunus, Giver of Plenty?). RIB 2420.22

 

Fersomeri, see Unseni Fersomeri

 

Fimmilena et Beda (Alaisiagae)

Housesteads: shrine door jam by 'Germans, citizens of Twenthe'. RIB 1593 (with Mars Thincsus, and Numen Augusti)

 

Fontes (the Fountains)

Chester: altar by XX Valeria Victrix. RIB 460 (with Nymphs)

 

Fortuna

Balmuildy: altar by Caecilius Nepos, tribune. RIB 2189

Binchester: altar by M. Valerius Fulvianus, prefect of cavalry. RIB 1029

Birdoswald: altar. RIB 1873

Birrens: altar by cohors I Nervana Germanorum. RIB 2093

Birrens: statue pedestal by Celer, libertus, for P. Campanius Italicus, prefect of cohors I[I] Tungrorum. RIB 2094

Birrens: altar. RIB 2095

Bowes: altar by Virius Lupus, governor, restored a bath-house for cohors I Thracum; work in charge of Valerius Fronto, prefect of ala Vettonum, between c. 197-202. RIB 730

Caerleon: block by Julius [Ba]ssus, praefectus castrorum of (II Augusta?). RIB 317

Carlisle: miniature clay altar inscribed (on the top). Brit. xxiv (1993), 316, no. 6

Carrawburgh: altar by M. Flaccinius Marcellus, prefect of cohors I Batavorum. RIB 1536

Carrawburgh: altar by Vitalis. RIB 1537 (60)

Carvoran (probably): altar by Audac(ilius) Romanus, centurion of VI, XX, and II Augusta. RIB 1779

Castlecary: altar by vexillations of II Augusta and VI Victrix. RIB 2146

Greatchesters: altar to [F]or[t]u(nae) by a vexillatio G(aesatorum) R(a)eto(rum) commanded by the centurion Tabellius Victor. RIB 1724

Haltonchesters: altar. RIB 1423

Risingham: altar by G. Valerius Longinus, tribune. RIB 1210 (for this man again see Hercules, RIB 1214) (61)

Slack: altar by G. Antonius Modestus, centurion of VI Victrix. RIB 624

York: altar by Sosia Juncina, wife of Q. Antonius Isauricus, imperial (legionary) legate, between. RIB 644 (71)

York: statue base by Metrob[ianus?], li[b(ertus), for the benefit of Publius [Maesius] Auspicatus (Maesius is restored from the name of the beneficiary's son on the stone). RIB 645

Unprovenanced (British origin): altar. RIB 2217 (with Numina Augustorum)

 

Fortuna Augusta (the Emperor's Fortune)

Carvoran: altar dedicated for Lucius Aelius Caesar by T. Flavius Secundus, prefect of cohors I Hamiorum sagittaria, between 136-8. RIB 1778

Lanchester: altar by P. Aelius Atticus, prefect. RIB 1073

Risingham: altar by Aelia Proculina. RIB 1211

 

Fortuna Balnearis

Kirkby Thore: altar to Fort[un]a Bal[n(eari)] by G. Caledius Frontinus of n(umerus) m(ilitum) S(yrorum) s(agittariorum). RIB 764

 

Fortuna et Bonus Eventus see Bonus Eventus et Fortuna above

 

Fortuna Conservatrix (Fortune the Preserver)

Chesters: altar by Venenus, a German. RIB 1449

Manchester: altar by L. Senecianius Martius, centurion of VI Victrix. RIB 575

Netherby: altar by M. Aurelius Salvius, tribune of cohors I Aelia Hispanorum (also named on RIB 978 at Netherby, in 222), about 222. RIB 968

 

Fortuna Populi Romani (Fortune of the Roman People)

Vindolanda: altar to Fortuna P(opuli) R(omani) by G. Julius Raeticus, centurion of VI Victrix. RIB 1684

 

Fortuna Redux (Fortune the Home-Bringer)

Chester: altar by the legate (presumably of XX Valeria Victrix) T. Pomponius Mamilianus. RIB 445 (with Aesculapius, and Salus)

Maryport: altar by G. Cornelius Peregrinus, tribune of the cohort and decurio of Saldae in Mauretania Caesariensis. RIB 812 (with Fatum Bonum, Genius loci, and Roma Aeterna)

Maryport: votive pillar. RIB 840 (with Roma Aeterna)

Risingham: altar by Julius Severinus, tribune, on completion of a bath-house. RIB 1212

 

Fortuna Servatrix (Fortune the Deliverer)

Kirkby Thore: altar by Antonia Stratonis following a vision. RIB 760

 

Friagabis et Baudihillia, Alaisiagae

Housesteads: altar by numerus Hnaudifridi. RIB 1576 (with Numen Augusti)

 

Garmangabis

Lanchester: altar by vex(illatio) Sueborum Lon(govicianorum) Gor(dianae) between 238-44. RIB 1074 (with Numen Augusti of Gordian III) (62)

 

God (in Hebrew form of Jahweh)

Caernarvon: amulet by Alphianos in Greek, apparently to the Hebrew God. RIB 436. See Brit. xxvii (1996), 456 for a revised translation of the text

 

Genius

Caerwent: altar. Brit. ii (1971), 353, no. 9

Chichester: altar by Lucullus. RIB 90

Cirencester: base by Attius [....?]. RIB 101

Ebchester: altar. RIB 1099

Old Carlisle: altar by Aurelius Martialis and Aurelius E[b]uracio(?). RIB 891

Vindolanda: altar by cohors II[II] Gallorum. RIB 1687 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus and Custodes)

 

Genius alae primae Hispanorum Asturum (Genius of the ala)

Benwell: altar by Terentius Agrippa, prefect of ala I Hispanorum Asturum. RIB 1334 (with Matres Campestres)

 

Genius centuriae (Genius of the century)

Carlisle: altar by the century of Bassilius Crescens. RIB 944

Chester: altar. RIB 446

Chester: altar by Julius Quintilianus for the century of Aurelianus. RIB 447

 

Genius cohortis (Genius of the cohort)

Gloucester: altar by Orivendus (reading revised in RIB95). RIB 119

High Rochester: altar by T. Licinius Valerianus, tribune, for cohors I fida Vardullorum. RIB 1263 (with Signa cohortis)

Lanchester: altar by cohors I Vardullorum during the governorship of Antistius Adventus in c. 175-6. RIB 1083, at the expense of the tribune Flavius Titianus (with Numen Augusti)

 

Genius collegii (Genius of the guild)

High Rochester: altar by Caecilius Optatus, tribune. RIB 1268 (with Minerva)

 

Genius collegii Apollinis (Genius of the college of Apollo)

Burrow-in-Lonsdale (Overborough): altar by [B]ellinus. RIB 611 (with Numina Augustorum)

 

Genius Domini Nostri/Dominorum Nostrorum (Genius of our lord/lords)

High Rochester: altar by Egnatius Lucilianus, governor, for the Signa of cohors I Vardul[l(orum) and n(umerus) Explorator(um) Brem(eniensium) Gor(diani) under the charge of Cassius Sabinianus, tribune, between 238-44. RIB 1262 (with Signa)

Old Penrith: altar by cohors [II?] Gallo[r(um), for Philip I and II, between 244-9. RIB 915 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

 

Genius Eboraci (Genius of York)

York: altar to Gen(io) Eb[or(aci?)]. RIB 657 (with Numen Augusti)

 

Genius huius Loci (Genius of this place)

Carrawburgh: altar by the Texandri and Suvevae from a vexillation of cohors II Nerviorum. RIB 1538

Housesteads: altar by members of II Augusta on garrison duty. RIB 1583 (with Cocidius and Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

 

Genius Imperatorum? (Genius of the Emperors)

Caerleon: slab recording the possible restoration of a temple between 177 and 180. Brit. i (1970), 305, no. 1 (and Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

 

Genius legionis II Augustae (Genius of legio II Augusta)

Caerleon: pilaster given by [...], primus pilus, in 244 under the charge of Ursus, actarius, of II Augusta. RIB 327 (with Numina Augustorum)

 

Genius legionis XX Valeria Victrix D[eciana?] 'Genius of the XX legion'

Chesters: altar by Titus Vet[...] between 249-51. RIB 449

 

Genius loci (Genius of the Place), see also Genius huius Loci

Bath: altar by Torianus(?) of VI Victrix?. RIB 139

Binchester: altar by ala Vettonum. RIB 1032 (with Matres Ollotatae)

Carlisle: altar. RIB 945

Carrawburgh: altar by M. Hispanius Modestinus, prefect of cohors I Batavorum. JRS li (1961), 193, no. 9 (with Nymphae)

Castlesteads: altar by G. Verecundius Severus. RIB 1984 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Chester: altar by Flavius Longus, tribunus militum of XX [Valeria Victrix], and his son Longinus, from Samosata. RIB 450

Clifton (found at Brougham?): altar by Subrius Apollinaris, princeps of cohors I V[angionum?]. RIB 792 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Daglingworth: slab. RIB 130 (with Matres)

Lincoln: altar. RIB 246

Malton: panel of exhortation to the slave of the taberna aureficinam. RIB 712 (55)

Maryport: altar by G. Cornelius Peregrinus, tribune of the cohort and decurio of Saldae in Mauretania Caesariensis. RIB 812 (with Fatum Bonum, Fortuna Redux, and Roma Aeterna)

Tilston: altar. Brit. xv (1984), 341, no. 14

Vindolanda: altar by Lupulus. Brit. iv (1973), 329, no. 10 (with Mogons)

York: altar. RIB 646

York: stone. RIB 647

York: altar by Q. Crepereius Marcus. Brit. iv (1973), 325-9, no. 5

 

Genius numeri Maurorum Aurelianorum Valeriani Gallienique (Genius of the numerus of Aurelian Moors of Valerian and Gallienus)

Burgh-by-Sands: altar by Caelius Vibianus, tribune of numerus Maurorum Aurelianorum Valeriani Gallienique, under the direction of Julius Rufinus, princeps between 253-8. RIB 2042 (with Numina Augustorum; the primary dedication to Jupiter Optimus Maximus is entirely restored in RIB)

 

Genius praesidii (Genius of the guard/garrison)

Housesteads: altar by Valerius, miles with VI Victrix. RIB 1577 (with Cocidius)

 

Genius praetorii (Genius of the commandant's house)

Lanchester: base by Cl. Epaphroditus Claudianus, tribune of cohors I Lingonum. RIB 1075

Vindolanda: altar by Pituanius Secundus, prefect of cohors IIII Gallorum. RIB 1685

Vindolanda: altar by Q. Petronius Urbicus, prefect of cohors IIII Gallorum. RIB 1686 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus and 'other immortal gods') (63)

Vindolanda: altar by cohors IIII Gallorum. RIB 1687 (with Custodes and Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

 

Genius sanctus centuriae (Holy Genius of the century)

Chester: altar by Aelius Claudianus, optio. RIB 448

 

Genius sanctus huius loci (Holy Genius of this place)

Cirencester: altar. RIB 102

 

Genius signiferorum legionis XX Valeria Victrix (Genius of the standard-bearers of XX Valeria Victrix)

Chester: base by T. Flavius Valerianus for his colleagues. RIB 451

 

Genius Terrae Britannicae (Genius of the Britannic land)

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2175

 

Genius [...]vali (Genius of [...]valium; perhaps Luguvalium, i.e. Carlisle))

Hadrian's Wall (near mc 59): altar by [...] Martius, centurion of cohors I Batavorum. RIB 2015 (with Mars Cocidius)

 

Hammia

Carvoran: altar made by Sabinus. RIB 1780

 

Harimella

Birrens: altar by Gamidiahus, arcit(ectus). RIB 2096

 

Herakles Tyrioi (Heracles, i.e. Hercules, of Tyre)

Corbridge: altar to Heracles of Tyre by Diodora the priestess (in Greek). RIB 1129

 

Hercules

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2177 (with Campestres, Epona, Mars, Minerva, and Victoria)

Brancaster: bronze tablet. RIB 2432.5

Burgh-by-Sands: altar by cohors [....]. RIB 2040 (with Numen Augusti)

Carvoran: inscription to (H)erc(u)l[i]. RIB 1781

Haile: altar by Primus, custos armorum. RIB 796 (with Silvanus)

High Rochester: altar to Herculens (sic). RIB 1264

Housesteads: altar by P. Aelius Modestus, prefect of cohors I Tungrorum. RIB 1580 (64)

Old Carlisle: altar by Sigilius Emeritus, or Sigilius, the emeritus, recording a division of spoils with the god. RIB 892

Risingham: altar by Julius Paullus, tribune. RIB 1213 (named as tribune of cohors I Vangionum at Risingham on RIB 1241)

Risingham: altar to (H)e[r]cul[i] by G. Valerius Longinus. RIB 1214 (see also RIB 1210 under Fortuna above for his full name)

Whitley Castle: altar by G. Vitellius Atticianus, centurion of VI Victrix. RIB 1199

York: slab by T. Perpet[...] Aeternus of York. RIB 648

 

Hercules Augustus (Imperial Hercules)

Brough-on-Noe: altar by the prefect Proculus, possibly referring to the restoration of a temple. Brit. xi (1980), 404, no. 3

 

Hercules Invictus (Invincible Hercules)

Carlisle: arched slab by Publius Sextanius, prefect of ala Augusta, celebrating the slaughter of a band of barbarians. RIB 946

Risingham: altar by L. Aemilius Salvianus, tribune of cohors I Vangionum. RIB 1215

 

Hercules Magusanus (Hercules the magician?)

Mumrills: altar by Valerius Nigrinus, dupli(carius) of ala (I) Tungrorum. RIB 2140

 

Hercules Saegon[...]

Silchester: slab by T. Tammonius Vitalis. RIB 67

 

Hercules Victor (Victorious Hercules)

Whitley Castle: altar. RIB 1200 (with Menerva (sic))

 

Hospitales (Gods of Hospitality)

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: altar. RIB 1317 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus and Numen Augusti)

York: altar by P. Aelius Marcianus, prefect of cohors [.....] (I Augustae Bracarum has been suggested on the evidence of this man as its prefect on ILS 2738). RIB 649 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus and Penates)

 

Hveterus/Hviteres, and variants. See also Veteris etc.

Carrawburgh: altar to the Hviteres. RIB 1549

Hadrian's Wall (exact location unknown): altar to the Hvitires. RIB 2069

Housesteads: altar to Hveteris by Superstes and Regulus. RIB 1602

Housesteads: altar to Hvitris by Aspuanis. RIB 1603

Netherby: altar to Hveterus. RIB 973

 

Hygiaea

Burrow-in-Lonsdale (Overborough): altar by Julius Saturninus. RIB 609 (with Asclepius)

Chester: altar by Antiochos, hiatros. JRS lix (1969), 235, no. 3 (with Asklepios and Panakeia)

 

Hypermenes (Saviour Gods)

Chester: altar by Hermogenes, a doctor (in Greek). RIB 461

 

Ialonus Contrebis, see also Contrebis

Lancaster: altar by Julius Januarius, emeritus, former decurio. RIB 600

 

Invictus, see Hercules Invictus, Mithras Invictus, Silvanus Invictus, and Sol Invictus

 

Ioug[...]

York: slab to Dea Ioug[...] by [...]sius, recording restoration of the shrine. RIB 656 (with Numina Augustorum)

 

Isis

London: flagon of late-first-century type recording the address Londini ad fanum Isidis, 'at London, by the temple of Isis'. The inscription could be much later than the vessel, which has survived intact, and thus could have been inscribed at any date during the Roman period. RIB 2503.127

London: altar recording the rebuilding of a temple of Isis by M. Martian[n]ius Pulcher, leg(atus) Aug(ustorum), at some point in the third century. Brit. vii (1976), 378-9, no. 2 (65)

 

Iu[..]teris Fortunat[us]

Netherby: altar. RIB 969

 

Juno Regina

Carlisle: 213-22 - altar by M. [Aurelius?] Syrio, military tribune with XX Valeria Victrix. Brit. xx (1989), 331-3, no. 5 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Minerva, Mars, and Victoria)

 

Jupiter/Juppiter

Colchester: statuette by P. Oranius Felix. RIB 2432.8

Stony Stratford: silver plate by Vassinus. RIB 215 (with Volcanus)

 

Jupiter Aeternus Dolichenus (Eternal Jupiter of Doliche)

Corbridge: altar by G. Julius Apolinaris (sic), centurion of VI Victrix, his name replacing someone else's. RIB 1131 (with Caelestis Brigantia and Salus)

 

Jupiter Augustus

Maryport: altar by M. Censorius Cornelianus, centurion of [X Fr]etensis, commander of cohors I Hispanorum. RIB 814

 

Jupiter Optimus Maximus (Jupiter, Best and Greatest)

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2176 (with Victoria Victrix)

Aldborough: altar. RIB 708 (with Matres)

Binchester: altar by Pomponius Donatus, b(ene)f(iciarius) co(n)s(ularis). RIB 1030 (with Matres Ollototae sive Transmarinae) (N.B. another possibility at Brit. xxiii (1992), 314, no. 10)

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under the tribune Ammonius Victorinus. RIB 1874

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under the tribune Aurelius Faustus in 237. RIB 1875

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under Aurelius Saturninus. RIB 1876

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under Aurelius [....]. RIB 1877

Birdoswald: altar by [cohors I A]el(ia) Da[corum] under F[l(avius) .....]. RIB 1878

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under the tribune Funisulanus Vettonianus. RIB 1879

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under Julius Marcellinus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 1880

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under the tribune Julius Saturninus. RIB 1881

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum, commanded by the tribune Marcius Gallicus, around the period 255-75 (see next entry for this man in post under Postumus). RIB 1882 (with Numen Augusti)

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum Postumiana, commanded by the tribune Marcius Gallicus between 259-68. RIB 1883

Birdoswald: altar with by Pomp[oni]us D[eside]rat[us], tribune commanding cohors I Aelia Dacorum Tetricianorum between 270-3 (with primary anonymous dedication to Cocidius). RIB 1885

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum Postumiana under the tribune Probius Augendus between 259-68. RIB 1886

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under the tribune Statius Longinus. RIB 1887

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under the tribune [...]us Con[...]. RIB 1888

Birdoswald: altars by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under [...]. RIB 1889-91

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum Antoniniana between 213-22. RIB 1892

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum Gordiana between 238-44. RIB 1893

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum in the charge of [...]rinus, beneficiarius. RIB 1894

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum under the tribune [...]. RIB 1895

Bowness-on-Solway: altar by Sulpicius Secundianus, tribune, between 251-3. RIB 2057 (and RIB 2058 recorded with an identical text)

Caerleon: slab recording the possible restoration of a temple between 177 and 180. Brit. i (1970), 305, no. 1 (and Genius Imperatorum?)

Cappuck: altar by ve[x]il(l)atio R(a)etorum Gaesat(orum) commanded by the tribune Julius Severinus. RIB 2117

Cardewlees: altar by (?), for the numina of Valerian I, Gallienus, and Valerian II as Caesar under the charge of G. [C]arinius Aurelianus, centurion of II Augusta, between 253-5. RIB 913 (with Numina Dominorum Nostrorum)

Carlisle: altar by M. [Aurelius?] Syrio, military tribune with XX Valeria Victrix, between 213-22. Brit. xx (1989), 331-3, no. 5 (with Juno, Minerva, Mars, and Victoria)

Carriden: altar by the vicus peoples of the fort of Velunia under the charge of Aelius Mansuetus. JRS xlvii (1957), 229-30, no. 18

Castlesteads: altar by cohors IIII Gallorum commanded by the prefect of cavalry Volcacius Hospes. RIB 1980

Castlesteads: altar by cohors II Tungrorum commanded by the prefect Albius Severus, directed by Vic(...) Severus, princeps. RIB 1981

Castlesteads: altar by cohors II Tungrorum commanded by the prefect Aurelius Optatus, directed by Messius Opsequens, princeps. RIB 1982

Castlesteads: altar by cohors II Tungrorum Gordiana, commanded by the prefect T. Claudius Claudianus, work directed by [P.?] Aelius Martinus, princeps, in 241. RIB 1983 (with Numen Augusti Nostri)

Castlesteads: altar by G. Verecundius Severus. RIB 1984 (with Genius loci)

Castlesteads: altar. RIB 1985

Chichester: column base, and honouring the Domus Divina. RIB 89

Cirencester: column base by L. Septimius, v(ir) p(erfectissimus) pr(aeses), and rector, of Britannia Prima. RIB 103 (26)

Clifton: altar by Subrius Apollinaris, princeps of cohors I V[angionum?]. RIB 792 (with Genius loci)

Dorchester-on-Thames: altar cum cancellis ('with screens') by M. Varius Severus, beneficiarius consularis of the governor. RIB 235 (with Numina Augustorum)

Godmanstone (nr Dorchester, Dorset): altar by Titinius Pines, of [XX V(aleria)] V(ictrix)(?). JRS lv (1965), 220-1, no. 2

Hadrian's Wall (between t 7b and mc 8): altar. RIB 1366

Housesteads: altar. RIB 1581

Housesteads: altar by milites of II Augusta. RIB 1582

Housesteads: altar by milites of II Augusta on garrison duty. RIB 1583 (with Cocidius and Genius loci)

Housesteads: altar by cohors I Tungrorum, under the prefect Q. Julius Maximus. RIB 1584 (with Numina Augustorum)

Housesteads: altar by cohors I Tungrorum, under the prefect Q. Julius [Cur?]sus. RIB 1585 (with Numina Augustorum)

Housesteads: altar by cohors I Tungrorum, under the prefect Q. Verius Superstis. RIB 1586 (with Numina Augustorum)

Housesteads: altar by (?), under the prefect [...]rius [.]upe[...]. RIB 1587 (with Numina Augustorum)

Housesteads: altar by [.....], prefect. RIB 1588 (with Numina Augustorum)

Housesteads: altar, anonymous dedication on behalf of Desidienius Ae[mi]lianus, prefect, in 258. RIB 1589

Lanchester: altar by cohors I Lingonum under the prefect [F]ulvius [Fel]ix. Brit. xix (1988), 492, no. 10

London: altar posssibly recording the rebuilding of a temple by Aquilinus, imperial libertus, Mercator, Audax, and Graecus. The dedication is not certain and may instead have been to Mithras or the Matres. Brit. vii (1976), 378, no. 1

Maryport: altar by [...]iana Hermione. RIB 813 (formerly read as Iuno)

Maryport: altar by cohors I Hispanorum, Hadrianic. RIB 815 (with Numen Augusti)

Maryport: altar by cohors I Hispanorum, commanded by the prefect L. Antistius Lupus Veranius. RIB 816

Maryport: altar by cohors I Hispanorum, commanded by the tribune G. Caballius Priscus. RIB 817

Maryport: altars by G. Caballius Priscus, tribune. RIB 818-20

Maryport: altar by P. Cornelius Ur[...], prefect of cohors I Hispanorum. RIB 821

Maryport: altar by Helstrius Novellus, prefect of cohors I Hispanorum. RIB 822

Maryport: altar by M. Maenius Agrippa, tribune of cohors I Hispanorum. RIB 823

Maryport: altar by M. Maenius Agrippa, tribune. RIB 824 (with Numen Augusti)

Maryport: altar by Maenius Agrippa, tribune. RIB 825 (with Numen Augusti)

Maryport: altar by Maenius [Agrippa], tribune. RIB 826

Maryport: altar by [L.?] Cammius Maximus, prefect of cohors I Hispanorum and tribune of cohors XVIIII Voluntariorum. RIB 827

Maryport: altars by L. Cammius Maximus, prefect of cohors I Hispanorum. RIB 828-9

Maryport: altar by T. Attius Tutor, prefect of cohors I Baetasiorum. RIB 830

Maryport: altar by L. Caecilius Vegetus, prefect of cohors I Dalmatarum. RIB 831

Maryport: altar by [Postumius] Acilianus, prefect of [cohors I Dalmatarum] between 138-61. RIB 833 (see RIB 832 under Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus)

Maryport: altar by [...], prefect of cohors [...]. RIB 834

Maryport: altar. RIB 835 (with Volcanus?)

Moresby: altar by cohors II T(h)racum, commanded by the prefect Mamius Nepos. RIB 797

Netherby: altar. RIB 969 (with Iu[...]teris Fortunatus?)

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: altar. RIB 1316 (with Victoria Augusti)

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: altar. RIB 1317 (with Hospitales and Numen Augusti)

Newstead: altar by G. Arrius Domitianus, centurion of XX Valeria Victrix. RIB 2123 (see this man again at Newstead under Diana Regina and Silvanus)

Old Penrith: altar by cohors [II] Gallorum between 244-9. RIB 915 (with Genius Dominorum Nostrorum)

Shakenoak: altar. Brit. ii (1971), 353, no. 8

Vindolanda: altar by Q. Petronius Urbicus, prefect of cohors IIII Gallorum [Antoniniana] or [Severiana], between 213-35. RIB 1686 (with Genius Praetori) (63)

Vindolanda: altar by cohors IIII Gallorum. RIB 1687 (with Custodes and Genius)

Vindolanda: altar by [c]oh(ors) IIII G[al]l(orum) under the prefect L. [...]gius Pudens. RIB 1688

Vindolanda: altars. RIB 1689-90

Hadrian's Wall (exact place unknown but probably Vindolanda): altar by cohors IIII Gallorum under the prefect Naevius Hilarus. RIB 2062

York: altar by P. Aelius Marcianus, prefect of cohors [.....] (I Augustae Bracarum has been suggested on the evidence of this man as its prefect on ILS 2738). RIB 649 (with Hospitalesand Penates)

Unprovenanced: altar by Vitalis (reading of Jupiter Optimus Maximus in RIB95. RIB 1017 (with Mars Cocidius)

 

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus

Maryport: altar by Postumius Acilianus, prefect of cohors I Dalmatarum between 138-61. RIB 832

 

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Conservator (Jupiter, Best and Greatest, the Preserver)

Old Carlisle: altar. RIB 898

 

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus (Jupiter, Best and Greatest, of Doliche)

Benwell: altar by M. Liburnius Fronto, centurion of II Augusta, between 139-61. RIB 1330 (with Numina Augustorum for the welfare of Antoninus Pius and II Augusta)

Bewcastle: slab recording the building of a temple. RIB 992

Birdoswald: altar to Jupiter Optimus Maximus [D(olichenus)?] by cohors I Aelia Dacorum, under the tribune Flavius Maximianus. RIB 1896

Birdoswald: altar by cohors I Aelia Dacorum Maximini, under the tribune Flavius Maximianus, between 235-8. JRS xlvii (1957), 229, no. 17

Birrens: altar to [Jupiter Optimus Maximus] Dol[iche]nus by Magunna. RIB 2099

Caerleon: altar by Fronto Aemilianus [...] Rufilianus, legatus Augustorum (possibly 161-9), of II Augusta(?). RIB 320

Carvoran: altar. RIB 1782

Chesters: altar by Galerius Ver[ecundus?] for the welfare of Augustorum Nostrorum, 'our emperors'. RIB 1452

Croy Hill: relief to [Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolic]henus. RIB 2158

Duntocher: altar. RIB 2201

Greatchesters: altar by L. Maximus Gaetulicus, centurion of XX Valeria Victrix. RIB 1725

Greatchesters: altar by Regulus for(?) [...]ina, daughter of Sabinus. RIB 1726

Old Carlisle: altar to Jupiter Optimus Maximus [D(olicheno)?] by ala Augusta under the prefect Egnatius Verecundus about 197. RIB 895

Old Penrith: slab recording the rebuilding of a temple by Aurelius Attianus, prefect of cohors II Gallorum, and in honour of D(omus) D(ivina). RIB 916

Piercebridge: altar by Julius Valentinus, centurion from Upper Germany, in 217. RIB 1022

Piercebridge: uncertain fragment, dedication conjectural. RIB 1023

Piercebridge: statue base by a vexillation of VI Victrix, the army of Germany, under the supervision of M. Lollius Venator, centurion of II Augusta. JRS lvii (1967), 205, no. 16 (66)

Risingham: slab. RIB 1219

Risingham: altar to [Jupiter Optimus Maximus] Dolochenus by G. Julius Publilius Prius, tribune. RIB 1220

 

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Heliopolitanus (Jupiter, Best and Greatest, of Heliopolis)

Carvoran: altar by Julius Pollio. RIB 1783

 

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Tanarus

Chester: altar by L. Elupius (or Elutrius) Praesens, of the Galerian voting tribe at Clunia (Hispania Tarraconensis), princeps of XX Valeria Victrix, in 154. RIB 452

 

Jupiter Serapis, see also Serapis

Kirkby Thore: altar by Lucius Alfenus Pal[...]. RIB 762

 

Lamiae Triades (Three witches)

Benwell: altar. RIB 1331

 

Latis

Birdoswald: altar. RIB 1897

Burgh-by-Sands: altar by Lucius. RIB 2043

 

Lenus Mars, see Mars Lenus

 

Loucetius Mars, see Mars Loucetius

 

Magusanus Hercules, see Hercules Magusanus

 

Maponus, see also Apollo Maponus

Hadrian's Wall (exact location unknown): altar by Durio, Ramio, Trupo, and Lurio, all Germans. RIB 2063 (with Numen Augusti)

Vindolanda: silver pendant. RIB 2431.2

 

Mars

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2177 (with Campestres, Minerva, Hercules, Epona and Victoria)

Balmuildy: altar to [Ma]rti. RIB 2190

Bath: lead 'curse' tablet recording a gift to the temple of Mars by Basilia. Cunliffe (1988), no. 97

Benwell: altar by Lenuanus. RIB 1332

Birdoswald: altar by [...], tribune of cohors I Aelia Dacorum. RIB 1898

Birdoswald: altar by Aurelius Maximus. RIB 1899 (with Victoria)

Birrens: altar by cohors II Tungrorum under the prefect Silvius Auspex. RIB 2100 (with Victoria Augusti)

Brough-on-Noe: altar. RIB 282

Brougham: altar to [Ma]rti. RIB 779 (with Victoria)

Brougham: altar by Januarius of the numerus equitum [St]ratonicianorum. RIB 780

Carlisle: 213-22 - altar by M. [Aurelius?] Syrio, military tribune with XX Valeria Victrix. Brit. xx (1989), 331-3, no. 5 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Juno, Minerva, and Victoria)

Castlesteads: altar by Venustinus Lupus. RIB 1986

Castlesteads: altar by Paconius Saturninus, prefect of cavalry. RIB 1987 (with Numen Augusti)

Croy Hill: altar by Gaius D[...] B[...]. RIB 2159

Ebchester: altar. RIB 1100 (with Numen Augusti)

Fossdike: statuette by Bruccius and Caratius Colasunus. RIB 274 (with Numina Augustorum) (67)

Gloucester: altar. RIB 120

Greta Bridge: altar by Enemn[o]genus. RIB 742

Greta Bridge: altar. RIB 743

Housesteads: statue base. RIB 1590

Housesteads: altar by Q. Florius Maternus, prefect of cohors I Tungrorum. RIB 1591

Housesteads: altar by Vi[....]anus. RIB 1592

Housesteads altar by 'the Germans' of cuneus Frisiorum Ver(covicianorum) between 222-35. RIB 1594 (with Numen Augusti and Alaisiagae)

Housesteads: altar. RIB 1595 (with Victoria)

Housesteads: altar by [...], custos armorum. RIB 1596 (with Victoria and Numina Augustorum)

Housesteads: altar by Calve[...], a German. RIB 1597

Lancaster: altar by Sabinus, praepositus, and numerus Barcariorum. RIB 601

Lanchester: altar by Ascernus. RIB 1078

Lanchester: altar by Caurus. RIB 1079

Lanchester: altar by Sancidus. RIB 1080

Lanchester: altar. RIB 1081

Lincoln: altar to Ma[r]t[i]. RIB 248

Newtown: circular stone with incised image of the god and inscribed Matri, for Marti. RIB 2453.3

Old Carlisle: altar. RIB 900

Ribchester: base. RIB 585 (with Victoria)

Silchester: slab to Marti[...] (either the god or naming an individual) by guild of peregrini. RIB 71

Staincross Common: altar for the welfare of D(ominorum) N(ostrorum) Imp(eratorum) Aug(ustorum). RIB 622

Stony Stratford: silver plate. RIB 216

Stony Stratford: bronze plate. RIB 217

York: altar by G. Agrius Auspex. RIB 650

York: altar. RIB 651

 

Mars Alator

Barkway: silver-gilt plaque by Dum(...?) Censorinus. RIB 218

South Shields: altar by G. Vinicius Celsus. RIB 1055

 

Mars Augustus (Imperial Mars)

Birdoswald: altar. RIB 1900

Lanchester: gold plate by Auffidius Aufidianus. RIB 1077

 

Mars Barrex

Carlisle: altar by Januarius Ri[o?]reg[.]iau[...]. RIB 947

 

Mars Belatucadrus (with variant spellings) see also Belatucadrus

Bewcastle: altar. JRS xlvii (1957), 228, no. 11

Burgh-by-Sands: altar. RIB 2044

Carlisle: altar. RIB 948

Carvoran: altar to Mars Belatucairus. RIB 1784

Netherby: altar by [A]ur(elius?) [Ni]ca[n]or(?). RIB 970

Old Penrith: altar by Julius Augustalis, actor of Julius Lupus. RIB 918 (with Numina Augustorum)

 

Mars Braciaca

Bakewell: altar by Q. Sittius Caecilianus, prefect of cohors I Aquitanorum. RIB 278

 

Mars Camulus

Bar Hill: altar by cohors I Hamiorum (formerly read as II [Au]g(usta)). RIB 2166

London: monumental slab by Tiberinius Celebrianus, cives Bellovacorum(?) and moritix (shipper?) of Londiniensium (‘London [products?]). Found Tabard Street, Southwark, autumn 2002 (with Numina Augustorum).

 

Mars Cocidius see also Cocidius

Bewcastle: altar by Aelius Vitalianus. RIB 993

Cumbria (exact find-spot unknown): altar by Vitalis. RIB 1017 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus; reading revised in RIB95)

Hadrian's Wall (near milecastle 59): altar by [...] Martius, centurion of cohors I Batavorum. RIB 2015 (with Genius [...]valium])

Hadrian's Wall (near milecastle 65): altar by members of two centuries of II Augusta commanded by the centurion Aelianus, work in the charge of Oppius Felix, optio,. RIB 2024

Lancaster: altar by Vibenius Lucius, beneficiarius consularis. RIB 602

 

Mars Condates

Bowes: altar by Arponatus. RIB 731

Chester-le-Street: altar by V[e]robnus. RIB 1045

Cramond: altar to M(ars) Con[dates]. Brit. ix (1978), 475, no. 15

Piercebridge: altar by Attionus Quintianus, mensor and evocatus. RIB 1024

 

Mars Conservator (Mars the Preserver)

Chesters: altar. RIB 454

 

Mars Corotiacus

Martlesham: bronze statue base, made by Glaucus, dedicated by Simplicia. RIB 213

 

Mars Lenus

Caerwent: statue base to Mars Lenus sive ('or') Ocelus Vellaunus by Nonius Romanus in 152. RIB 309 (with the Numen Augusti of Marcus Aurelius)

Chedworth: altar to [L]en(o) M[arti] with relief of the god. RIB 126

 

Mars Loucetius

Bath: altar by Peregrinus from Trier. RIB 140 (with Nemetona)

 

Mars Medocius Campesium (Mars Medocius of the Parade Ground?)

Colchester: bronze plaque by Lossio Veda, a Caledonian, between 222-35. RIB 191 (with Victoria of Severus Alexander)

 

Mars Militarus (Military Mars)

Maryport: altar by cohors I Baetasiorum under the prefect T. Attius Tutor (his full name appears on RIB 842, see Maryport under Victoria Augusti below). RIB 837

Maryport: altar by cohors I Baetasiorum under the prefect Ulpius Titianus. RIB 838

 

Mars Nodens/Nodons/Nudens, see also Nodens

Cockersand Moss: statuette by Aurelius [...]cinus. RIB 616

Cockersand Moss: statuette to M(ars) N(odens) by Lucianus for his colleague Aprilius Viator. RIB 617

Lydney Park: bronze plate by Flavius Blandinus, armatura. RIB 305

Lydney Park: bronze plate by Pectillus to Nudente M(arti). RIB 307

Lydney Park: mosaic by T. Flavius Senilis, pr(aepositus) rel(igionis), helped by Victorinus, interp(r)[e]tor. RIB 2448.3

 

Mars Ocelus see also Ocelus Vellaunus

Caerwent: altar by Aelius Augustinus, optio. RIB 310

Carlisle: slab dedicated between 222-35. RIB 949 (with the Numen of Severus Alexander and Julia Mamaea)

 

Mars Olludius

Custom Scrubs, Bisley: gabled relief. RIB 131

 

Mars Pacifer (Mars the Peacemaker)

Ribchester: altar. RIB 584

 

Mars Pater (Father Mars)

Birdoswald: inscribed fragment to [Mar]ti Pat[ri...]. RIB 1901

 

Mars Rigas

Malton: base by Scirus. RIB 711

 

Mars Rigisamus

West Coker: bronze plaque by Iventius Sabinus. RIB 187

 

Mars Rigonemetos (Mars, King of the Grove)

Nettleham: slab by Q. Neratius Proxsimus, recording his arch. JRS lii (1962), 192, no. 8 (with Numina Augustorum)

 

Mars Sediarum (Mars of the Sediae - presumably a place or tribe)

Markyate: on a small bronze or brass tablet with an inscription reading 'tessera of Mars of Sediae'. RIB 2408.1

 

Mars Thincsus

Housesteads: shrine door jam by 'Germans, citizens of Twenthe'. RIB 1593 (with the Alaisiagae: Beda and Fimmilena)

 

Mars Toutatis

Barkway: plaque by T. Claudius Primus, liber(tus). RIB 219

 

Mars Ultor (Mars the Avenger)

Corbridge: altar to [Deo Marti] Ul[tori]? by L(ucius) [...], trib(unum) [militum], during the governorship of Gn. Julius Verus (c. 155-9). RIB 1132

 

Mars Victor (Mars the Victorious)

Benwell: altar by Vindex. RIB 1333

Carlisle: inscription recorded before 1125 on a Roman building. RIB 950

Risingham: altar by [J]ul(ius) Publilius [P]ius, tribune. RIB 1221

Risingham: altar by [...], under the charge of Au[r(elius)]. RIB 1222

Risingham: altar to [Mars Vi]ctor by [...], libertus. RIB 1223

Vindolanda: panel by [...] Caninius, commanding [....] (unit name lost but RIB restores cohors III Nerviorum from earlier readings). RIB 1691

 

Mater Div(or)um (Mother of the Gods)

Carvoran: altar by M. Caecilius Donatianus, prefect serving as tribune. RIB 1791 (with Virgo Caelestis, Pax, Virtus, and Ceres Dea Suria)

 

Matres (Mother Goddesses)

Aldborough: altar. RIB 708 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Binchester: altar by Gemellus. RIB 1033

Binchester: altar. RIB 1034

Carrawburgh: altar by Albinius Quartus, miles. RIB 1540

Castlecary: altar. RIB 2147

Cirencester: altar. Brit. iv (1973), 324, no. 1 (with Mercury)

Daglingworth: altar. RIB 130 (with Genius loci)

Hadrian's Wall (near milecastle 79): altar. RIB 2055

London: plinth recording restoration of, possibly, a shrine. RIB 2

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: altar. Brit. ix (1978), 475, no. 13

Ribchester: altar dedicated by M. Ingenuius Asiaticus, dec(urio), to the Matres (dependent on Camden's reading in 1580). RIB 586

Ribchester: altar by Marulla (wife?) of Insequens. Brit. xxv (1994), 298. no. 3

Vindolanda: altar. RIB 1692 (with Numen Domini Nostri)

York: altar by M. Rustius Massa. RIB 654

 

Matres (variously) Afrae, Britanniae, Italicae/Italae, Gallae, Germanae

Dover: altar recording the building of a temple to the Matres Italicae by Olus Cordius, strator consularis. Brit. viii (1977), 426-7, no. 4

Winchester: altar to Matres Italae Germanae Gal(lae) Brit(annae) by Antonius Lucretianus, beneficiarius consularis. RIB 88

York: altar to Mat(res) Af(rae) Ita(lae) Ga(llae) by M. Minucius Audens, miles and gubernator of VI Victrix. RIB 653

 

Matres Alatervae(?)

Cramond: altar by cohors I Tungrorum, directed by [...], centurion of XX Valeria Victrix. RIB 2135 (with Matres Campestres)

 

Matres Brittiae (British Mother Goddesses)

Xanten (Germany): altar dedicated by L. Valerius Simplex of XXX Ulpia Victrix. ILS 4789

 

Matres Campestres (Mother Goddesses of the Parade Ground), see also Campestres

Benwell: altar by T(erentius?) Agrippa, prefect of ala I Hispanorum Asturum, in 238. RIB 1334 (with Genius alae I Hispanorum Asturum)

Cramond: altar by cohors I Tungrorum, directed by [...], centurion of XX Valeria Victrix. RIB 2135 (with Matres Alatervae)

 

Matres Communes (Mother Goddesses living everywhere)

Carrawburgh: altar. RIB 1541

Chesters: altar dedicated for the decuria commanded by Aurelius Severus. RIB 1453

 

Matres Domesticae (Household Mother Goddesses)

Catterick: altar by Julius Victor. JRS l (1960), 237, no. 6

Chichester: altar by ..., arkarius. Brit. x (1979), 339, no. 1

Hadrian's Wall (near milecastle 73): altar by a vexillation of VI [Victrix]. RIB 2050

Stanwix: altar by Asinius Senilis. RIB 2025

York: altar by G. Julius Crescens. RIB 652

 

Matres Germaniae (German Mother Goddesses)

Hadrian's Wall (exact provenance lost): altar by M(arcus) Senec[ia]nius. RIB 2064

 

Matres Ollototae (Mother Goddesses from other peoples)

Binchester: altar by Matres Ollototae sive ('or') Transmarinae by Pomponius Donatus, beneficiarius consularis. RIB 1030 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Binchester: altar to Matres O[l]lot(otae) by T. Claudius Quintianus, beneficiarius consularis. RIB 1031

Binchester: altar to [M]atres O[llotatae] by ala Vettonum. RIB 1032 (with Genius loci)

Heronbridge: altar by Julius Secundus and Aelia Augustina. RIB 574

 

Matres Omnium Gentium (Mother Goddesses of all races)

Castlesteads: altar to [Mat]ribu[s] Omnium Gentium by G. Julius Cupitianus, centurion commanding, on the restoration of a temple. RIB 1988

 

Matres Parcae (Mother Goddesses, the Fates), see also Parcae

Carlisle: base dedicated for Sanctia Gemina. RIB 951

Skinburness: altar. RIB 881

 

Matres Suleviae, see also Suleviae

Colchester: slab by Similis of the Cant(iaci). RIB 192

 

Matres Tramarinae (Mother Goddesses from Overseas)

Binchester: altar to Matres Ollototae sive ('or') Transmarinae by Pomponius Donatus, beneficiarius consularis. RIB 1030 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Castlesteads: altar. RIB 1989

Old Penrith: slab by [vexil]latio M[a]r[sacorum?] between 222-35. RIB 919 (with Numen of Severus Alexander and Julia Mammaea)

Old Penrith: slab by vexillatio Germa[no]r(um) V[o]r[e]d(ensium). RIB 920

Risingham: altar by Julius Victor (tribune of cohors I Vangionum; see for example RIB 1217 under Jupiter Optimus Maximus above). RIB 1224

 

Matres Tramarinae Patriae (Mother Goddesses of the Overseas Homeland)

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: altar by Aurelius Juvenalis. RIB 1318

 

Matunus

High Rochester: altar by [G. Julius Marcus (deleted)?], governor, through Caecilius Optatus, tribune (of cohors I Vardullorum; see RIB 1272 under Mithras Invictus below), in 213. RIB 1265

 

Mercury

Birrens: statue base by Julius Crescens for the benefit of the collegium. RIB 2102

Birrens: statue base by a collegium of Mercury under the charge of Ing(enuius) Rufus. RIB 2103 (with Numen Augusti)

Caerleon: statuette from Cur[...] and erected by Severus. RIB 321

Caister-on-Sea: bronze tablet by Aurelius Atticia[n]us. RIB 2432.2

Carlisle: relief to M(ercurius) by C(...) I(....) S(....). The incorporated caduceus confirms the expansion. RIB 952

Castlecary: altar by milites of VI Victrix, citizens of Italy and Noricum. RIB 2148

Cirencester: altar. Brit. iv (1973), 324, no. 1 (with Matres)

Corbridge: relief to Arecurio (sic), attributed to a mason misreading instructions, by Apollinaris. RIB 1123

Corbridge: relief. RIB 1133

Lincoln: inscription recording a guild of Mercury. RIB 270

Lincoln: face-pot with the inscription D(e)o Mercurio. RIB 2499.1

Old Harlow: lead sheet to Mercurius (on reverse) by the lover of Eterna. Brit. iv (1973), 325, no. 3

Uley: bronze plaque from Severa [...] Felix. RIB 2432.6

Uley: bronze fragment. RIB 2432.7

Vindolanda: relief. RIB 1693

Wallsend: relief recording the dedication of a statuette of M(ercurius) by cohors II Nerviorum. The inclusion of a goat on the relief confirms the expansion of the deity's name. RIB 1303

Wallsend: slab to M(ercurius). RIB 1304

York: relief. RIB 655

 

Mercury Andescociuoucus

Colchester: slab by Imilico, libertus of Aesurilinus. RIB 193 (with Numina Augustorum)

 

Mercury Propitius (Mercury the Favourer)

Leicester: inscription on column. RIB 244 (the authenticity of the inscription has been questioned)

 

Minerva, see also Sulis Minerva

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2177 (with Campestres, Epona, Hercules, Mars, and Victoria)

Benwell: altar by Primus. JRS xlviii (1958), 151, no. 8

Birrens: altar by cohors II Tungrorum, under the prefect G. Silvius Auspex. RIB 2104

Caernarvon: altar by Aurelius Sabinianus, actarius. RIB 429

Carlisle: altar by M. [Aurelius?] Syrio, military tribune with XX Valeria Victrix, between 213-22. Brit. xx (1989), 331-3, no. 5 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Juno, Mars, and Victoria)

Carrawburgh: altar by Quintus, architectus. RIB 1542

Carrawburgh: altar by Venico. RIB 1543

Carvoran: slab to [Mi]ner[vae] or Nep[tuno]. RIB 1788

Chester: altar by Furius Fortunatus, magister primus. RIB 457

Chichester: slab recording the building of a temple to Neptune and Minerva in honour of the Domus Divina by the guild of smiths on a site given by [...]ens, son of Pudentinus, and by the authority of T. Claudius Togidubnus (see Chapter 9). RIB 91

Corbridge: statuette base to M[inerva] by Titus Tertinius, librarius. RIB 1134

Ebchester: altar to [Miner]va by Julius Gr[...]nus, actarius of cohors IV Breucorum Antoninianae, between 213-22. RIB 1101

High Rochester: altar by Julius Carantus, singularis consularis. RIB 1266

High Rochester: altar by Flavius Severinus, tribune. RIB 1267

High Rochester: altar by Caecilius Optatus, tribune (of cohors I Vardullorum; see RIB 1272 under Mithras Invictus below), about 213. RIB 1268 (with Genius collegii)

Stonea: gold plaque to Mi(ne)rva. RIB 2430.1

Whitley Castle: altar to Menerva (sic). RIB 1200 (with Hercules Victor)

 

Minerva Senua, see Senua below

 

Minerva Sulis, see Sulis Minerva

 

Mithras, see also Deus, Mithras Invictus, Sol Invictus

Lanchester: altar to M(ithras). RIB 1082 (with Cautopates and Sol Invictus)

London: relief of Mithras (unnamed) to Ulpius Silvanus, emeritus of II Augusta. RIB 3

London: panel. RIB 4 (with Sol Invictus)

 

Mithras Invictus, see also Deus, Mithras Invictus, Sol Invictus, Sol Invictus Mithras Saecularis

Caerleon: base to [In]victus [Mit]hras by [...]s Iustus of II Augusta. RIB 322

Carrawburgh: altar to Inv(ictus) M(ithras) by L. Antonius Proculus, prefect of cohors I Batavorum Antoninianae between 213-22. RIB 1544

Carrawburgh: altar to In(victus) M(ithras) by A. Cluentius Habitus, prefect of cohors I Batavorum, after 198-211 on the evidence of the Severan titles in his home town's name. RIB 1545

Carrawburgh: altar to Invictus Mitras by M. Simplicius Simplex, prefect. RIB 1546 (68)

High Rochester: slab to Invictus by L. Caecilius Optatus, tribune of cohors I Vardullorum. RIB 1272 (with Sol)

Rudchester: altar to Invictus Mytras by P. Aelius Titullus, prefect. RIB 1395

Rudchester: altar to Anicetus (= Invictus) [Mithras] by Aponius Rogatianus. RIB 1397 (with Sol Apollo)

 

Mogons (N.B. there are several variants on this name, listed below, usually derived from the dative form Mogonti)

Old Penrith: altar to Mog(on)s. RIB 921

Vindolanda: altar by Lupulus. Brit. iv (1973), 329, no. 10 (with Genius loci)

 

Mogons/Mogonis Cad[...] see also Mounus Cad(...)

Risingham: altar to Mogonito Cad[...] by M. G(avius?) Secundinus, [b](ene)f(iciarius) co(n)s(ularis), on his first posting at Habitancum (Risingham). RIB 1225 (with Numen Domini Nostri Augusti)

Risingham: altar by Inventus to Mounus Cad(...). RIB 1226

 

Mogons Vitiris

Netherby: altar by Aelius [....]. RIB 971

 

Mountis/Mountes

High Rochester: altar by Julius Firminus, dec(urio). RIB 1269

Old Penrith: altar. RIB 922

 

Mounus see Mogons Cad[...]

 

Narius see also Faunus Narius above

Thetford: silver spoon. RIB 2420.23

 

Nemesis, see also Domina Nemesis

Chester: altar by Sext(ius) Marcianus, centurion, following a vision. JRS lvii (1967), 203, no. 5

Hadrian's Wall (exact location unknown): altar by Apollonius, sacerdos. RIB 2065

 

Nemetona

Bath: altar by Peregrinus from Trier. RIB 140 (with Mars Loucetius)

 

Neptune

Birrens: altar by Claudius [...]. RIB 2105

Castlecary: altar by cohors I Vardullorum under the prefect Trebius Verus. RIB 2149

Castlesteads: altar to [N]ep[tuno]. RIB 1990

Chichester: slab recording the building of a temple to Neptune and Minerva in honour of the Domus Divina by the guild of smiths on a site given by [...]ens, son of Pudentinus, and by the authority of T. Claudius Togidubnus (see Chapter 9). RIB 91 (with Neptune)

Lympne: altar by L. Aufidius Pant[h]era, prefect of classis Britannica, c. 115-40. RIB 66 (72)

Maryport: altar appropriated by L(ucius) Cass(ius) (secondary text). RIB 839

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: altar by VI Victrix (with RIB 1320, see Oceanus). RIB 1319

Vindolanda: altar. RIB 1694

York: arch and gateway to L. Viducius Placidus, negotiator from Rouen, in 221. Brit. viii (1977), 430, no. 18 (with Genius loci and Numina Augustorum; N.B. Neptune is restored on the stone and an alternative reading is IOM for Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

 

Nodens, see also Mars Nodens

Lydney Park: lead curse made by Silvianus against the ring-thief Senicianus. RIB 306

 

Numen

Netherby: altar to the Numen of Caracalla by cohors I Aelia Hispanorum, during the governorship of [G. Julius Marcus?] in c. 213. RIB 976

Vindolanda: slab to the Numen of Severus Alexander(?) by cohors IIII Gallor(um) [Severianae Alexandrianae], commemorating the restoration of a gate during the governorship of Claudius Xenephon between 222-35 (see Chapter 9 for Xenephon's dates). RIB 1706

 

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum/Numen Domini Nostri (The Spirit of Augustus/Spirits of the Augusti/Spirit of our Lord)

Bath: altar to Numina Augustorum by G. Curiatius Saturninus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 146 (with Sulis Minerva)

Bath: altar to Numen Augusti by G. Severius Emeritus, c(enturio) reg(ionarius), recording the restoration of the holy place. RIB 152 (with Virtus)

Benwell: altar to Numina Augustorum by Aelius Vibius, centurion of XX. RIB 1327 (with Antenociticus) (56)

Benwell: altar to Numina Augustorum, and naming Antoninus Pius, by M. Liburnius Fronto, centurion of II Augusta, between 139-61. RIB 1330 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus)

Birdoswald: altar to Numen Augusti by cohors I Aelia Dacorum, commanded by the tribune Marc(ius?) Gallicus, around the period 255-75 (see RIB 1883 under Jupiter Optimus Maximus for this man in post under Postumus). RIB 1882 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Birdoswald: statue base to Numen Augusti by cohors I Aelia [Dacorum?]. RIB 1904 (with Signa)

Birrens: statue base of Mars(?) to Numen Augusti by a collegium of Mercury under the charge of Ingenuius Rufus. RIB 2103 (with Mercury)

Bollihope Common: altar to [Numina August]orum (primary text; for secondary, see Silvanus Invictus below). RIB 1041 (70)

Brough-on-Humber: slab to Numina Augustorum M. Ulpius Januarius, aedilis of the vicus of Petuaria, to commemorate the new stage (proscaenium) for the theatre between 140-61. RIB 707 (with Domus Divina of Antoninus Pius) (40)

Burgh-by-Sands: altar to Numen Augusti by cohors [....]. RIB 2040 (with Hercules)

Burgh-by-Sands: altar to Numina Augustorum by Caelius Vibianus, tribune of numerus Maurorum Aurelianorum Valeriani Gallienique, under the direction of Julius Rufinus, princeps, between 253-8. RIB 2042 (with Genius numeri Maurorum Aurelianorum Valeriani Gallienique; the dedication to Jupiter Optimus Maximus is entirely restored in RIB)

Burrow-in-Lonsdale (Overborough): altar to Numen Augusti by Bellinus. RIB 611 (with Genius collegii Apollinis)

Caerleon: pilaster to Numina Augustorum by [...], primus pilus in 244. RIB 327 (with Genius legionis II Augustae)

Caerleon: altar to Numina Augustorum. Brit. viii (1977), 429-30, no. 16

Caerwent: statue base of Mars Lenus(?) and to Numen Augusti by Nonius Romanus in 152. RIB 309 (with Mars Lenus and Ocelus Vellaunus)

Cardewlees: altar to [N(umina)] D(ominorum) N(ostrorum) Va[leri]ani et G[allie]ni et Vale[ria]ni nob(ilissimi) C(a)es(ari) P(iorum) F(elicium) Augustor(um) by numerus [...] under the charge of G. [C]arinius Aurelianus, centurion of II Augusta, between 255-9. RIB 913 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Carlisle: altar to Numen Imp(eratoris) Alexandri Aug(usti) in 222-35. RIB 949 (with Mars Ocelus)

Carvoran: altar to Numina [Aug(ustorum)] by Julius Pacatus and Pacutius C[...], commemorating a new building. RIB 1786 (with Mars?)

Castlesteads: altar to Numen [Aug(usti)] by cohors II Tungrorum Gordiana, under the prefect T. Claudius Claudianus, in 241. RIB 1983 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Castlesteads: altar to Numen Augusti by Paco[ni]us Satur[ni]nus, prefect of cavalry. RIB 1987 (with Mars)

Castlesteads: altar to Numen Augusti by Aurelius Armiger, decurio princeps. RIB 1991 (with Vanauns)

Colchester: slab to Numina Augustorum by Imilco, libertus of Aesurilinus. RIB 193 (Mercury Andescociuoucus)

Chester: slate tablet to Numen Augusti. RIB 458

Chester: altar(?) to Numina Augustorum. RIB 459

Dorchester-on-Thames: altar cum cancellis ('with screens') to Numina Augustorum by M. Varius Severus, beneficiarius consularis. RIB 235 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Ebchester: altar to Numen Augusti. RIB 1100 (with Mars)

Fossdike: statuette of Mars and dedicated to Numina Augustorum by Bruccius and Caratius Colasunus. RIB 274 (with Mars) (67)

Greetland: altar to Numina Augustorum by T. Aurelius Aurelianus, magister sacrorum, in 208. RIB 627 (with Victoria Brigantia)

Hadrian's Wall (exact location unknown): altar to Numen Augusti by Durio, Ramio, Trupo, and Lurio, all Germans. RIB 2063 (with Maponus)

Haltonchesters: altar to Numina Augustorum. RIB 1425

Housesteads: altar to Numen Augusti by numerus Hnaudifridi. RIB 1576 (with Baudihillia and Friagabis)

Housesteads: altar to Numina Augustorum by cohors I Tungrorum, under the prefect Q. Julius Maximus. RIB 1584 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Housesteads: altar to Numina Augustorum by cohors I Tungrorum, under the prefect Q. Julius [...]sus. RIB 1585 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Housesteads: altar to Numina Augustorum by cohors I Tungrorum, under the prefect Q. Verius Superstis. RIB 1586 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Housesteads: altar to Numina [Augustorum], under the prefect [...]rius [.]upe[...]. RIB 1587 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Housesteads: altar to [Numina A]ug(ustorum). RIB 1588 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Housesteads: shrine door jam to Numen Augusti by 'the Germans'. RIB 1593 (with Beda, Fimmilena, and Mars Thincsus)

Housesteads altar to Numen Augusti by 'the Germans' of the cuneus Frisiorum Vercovicianorum between 222-35. RIB 1594 (with Mars and the Alaisiagae)

Housesteads: altar to Numina Augustorum by [...], custos armorum. RIB 1596 (with Mars and Victoria)

Lanchester: altar to N(umen) Gor[di]ani Aug(usti) N(ostri) by vexillatio Sueborum Lon(govicianorum) Gor(diana) between 238-44. RIB 1074 (with Garmangabis) (62)

Lanchester: altar to Numen Augusti by cohors I Vardullorum during the governorship of Antistius Adventus, at the expense of the tribune Flavius Titianus (with Genius cohortis), about 175-8. RIB 1083

Lincoln: altar to Numina Augustorum by G. Antistius Frontinus, curator. RIB 247 (with Parcae)

London: slab to Numen C[aes(aris) Aug(usti)?]. RIB 5

London (Greenwich Park): slab dedicated to Nu[mini Aug?]. See next entry for the evidence that this is plausible. RIB 38

London (Greenwich Park): small slab dedicated to [...Nu]min[i Aug...?] by [...Cae]ciliu[s... ]cus. If the identification is correct another slab from this site may now be expanded (see previous entry). Minerva remains an alternative, but less likely, possibility. Unpublished but forthcoming (found 15 July 1999)

London: monumental slab by Tiberinius Celebrianus, cives Bellovocarum(?) and moritix (shipper?) of Londiniensium (‘London [products?]). Found Tabard Street, Southwark, autumn 2002 (with Mars Camulus).

Maryport: altar to Numen Augusti by cohors I Hispanorum. RIB 815 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Maryport: altar to Numen Augusti by M. Maenius Agrippa, tribune. RIB 824 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Maryport: altar to Numen Augusti by (M.) Maenius Agrippa, tribune. RIB 825 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Nettleham: slab to Numina Augustorum by Q. Neratius Proxsimus, recording his arch. JRS lii (1962), 192, no. 8 (with Mars Rigonemetos)

Nettleton: altar to Numen [A]ug(usti) N(ostri) by Aurelius Pu[...]. Wedlake (1982), 136, no. 2 (with Silvanus)

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: altar to [Nu]men [Augusti?]. RIB 1317 (with Hospitales and Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Old Penrith: altar to Numina Augustorum by Julius Augustalis, actor of Julius Lupus. RIB 918 (with Mars Belatucadrus)

Old Penrith: slab to N(umen) Imp(eratoris) Alexandri Aug(usti) by the vexillatio Marsacorum between 222-35. RIB 919 (with Matres Tramarinae)

Old Penrith: altar to [Num(ina) A]ug(ustorum) by a vexillation of [X]X [Val](eria) Vic(trix). RIB 940

Risingham: altar to N(umen) D(omini) N(ostri) Aug(usti) by M. G(avius?) Secundinus, beneficiarius consularis. RIB 1225 (with Mogons Cad[...])

Risingham: altar to Numina Augustorum by cohors IIII Gallorum. RIB 1227

Scarcroft: altar to Num(en) [Aug(usti)?]. JRS lv (1965), 221, no. 6 (with Apollo)

Slack: altar to N(umen) Aug(usti) by T. Aurelius Quintus. RIB 623 (with Bregans)

Somerdale Keynsham: altar to Num(ina) Divor(um) Aug(ustorum) by G. Indutius Felix in the year 155. RIB 181 (with Silvanus)

South Shields: frieze to Numin[a Aug(ustorum)?] by Domitius Epictetus, recording a templu[m]. RIB 1056 (with another deity, name lost)

Ty Coch, near Bangor: milestone/honorific column dedicated to Num(ina) Aug(ustorum?) during the reign of Caracalla between 212-17. RIB 2264

Vindolanda: altar to Numina Augustorum by vicus inhabitants at Vindolanda. RIB 1700 (with Domus Divina and Volcanus)

Vindolanda: altar to Numen d(omini) n(ostri). RIB 1692 (with Matres)

York: altar to N(umen) Aug(usti) by Mat(...) Vitalis, centurion. RIB 640 (with Arciaco) (69)

York: slab to Numen Augusti by [...]sius, recording restoration of the shrine. RIB 656 (with Ioug[...])

York: altar to Numen Augusti. RIB 657 (with Genius Eboraci?)

York: slab recording an arch and gateway dedicated to Numina Augustorum by L. Viducius Placidus, negotiator from the Rouen region, in 221. Brit. viii (1977), 430, no. 18 (with Genius loci and Neptune)

Unprovenanced (British origin): altar to Numina Augustorum. RIB 2217 (with Fortuna)

 

Nympha/Nymphae

Carrawburgh: altar to the [Nymp]hae by a vexillation of [VI] Victrix. RIB 1547

Carrawburgh: altar to the Nymphae by M. Hispanius Modestinus, prefect of cohors I Batavorum. JRS li (1961), 193, no. 9 (with Genius loci)

Carvoran: altar to the Nymphae by Vettia Mansueta and daughter Claudia Turianilla. RIB 1789

Castleford: slab to the Nymp(h)ae. Brit. xiv (1983), 337, no. 11

Chester: altar to the Nymphae by XX Valeria Victrix. RIB 460 (with Fontes)

Croy Hill: altar to the Nymphae by a vexillation of VI Victrix under Fabius Liberalis. RIB 2160

Greta Bridge: altar by Brica and daughter Januaria (name of the specific local Nymph unresolvable from the record of this stone). RIB 744

Risingham: altar to the Nymphae by the unnamed wife of Fabius. RIB 1228

 

Nympha Brigantia

Castlesteads(?): altar to Nympha Brigantia in honour of Caracalla and his divine house by M. Cocceius Nigrinus, [pr]oc(urator) Aug(usti) n(ostri), 'procurator of our Emperor', between 212-17. RIB 2066 (with Domus Divina)

 

Nympha Coventina

Carrawburgh: altar to Nimfa (sic) Coventina by Maduhus, a German. RIB 1526

Carrawburgh: altar by [...]tianus, decurio. RIB 1527

 

Ocelus Vellaunus, see also Mars Ocelus

Caerwent: statue base by Nonius Romanus in 152. RIB 309 (with Mars Lenus and the Numen Augusti of Marcus Aurelius)

 

Oceanus/Ocianus

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: altar to Ocianus by VI Victrix (with RIB 1319, see Neptune). RIB 1320

York: bronze plate, texts in Greek, by Demetrius. RIB 663 (with Tethys) (attached to RIB 662, dedicated to Theoi Hegemonikos, 'gods of the governor's headquarters')

 

Panakeia

Chester: altar by Antiochos, hiatros. JRS lix (1969), 235, no. 3 (with Asklepios and Hygeia)

 

Panthea, see also Silvanus Pantheus

Corbridge: altar. RIB 1135 (with Bona Fortuna)

 

Parcae (Fates), see also Matres Parcae

Carlisle: altar by Donatalis for his son Probus. RIB 953

Lincoln: altar by G. Antistius Frontinus, curator. RIB 247 (with Numina Augustorum)

 

Pax (Peace)

Carvoran: altar by M. Caecilius Donatianus, tribune serving as prefect. RIB 1791 (with Virgo Caelestis, Mater, Virtus, and Ceres Dea Suria)

High Rochester: base by the tribune Julius (Silvanus) Melanio. RIB 1273, see RIB95, p. 781

 

Penates

York: altar by P. Aelius Marcianus, prefect of cohors [.....] (I Augustae Bracarum has been suggested on the evidence of this man as its prefect on ILS 2738). RIB 649 (with Hospitales and Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

 

Priapus

Birrens: slab inscribed [P]riapi m(entula), 'phallus of Priapus', and a face of a god. The phrase seems to be exceedingly rare to the point of being unparalleled but Lewis and Short note Priapo mentulatior in a series of anonymous erotic poems collected for an 1878 edition of Catullus. The text is so unusual that some scepticism about its authenticity must be noted. RIB 2106 (but note also RIB 983 which is a specific and authentic reference to a phallus - mentula)

 

Ratis

Birdoswald: altar. RIB 1903

Chesters: altar. RIB 1454

 

Regina (Queen Goddess), see also Diana Regina, and Salus Regina

Lanchester: altar by Misio. RIB 1084

Lemington: relief to Dea Regina. RIB 125

 

Regina Caelestis (The Queen Caelestis), see also Bona Dea Regina Caelestis, Caelestis Brigantia and Virgo Caelestis

Carvoran: relief of altar by Aurelius Martialis. RIB 1827 (re-read, see RIB95)

 

Ricagambeda

Birrens: altar by men from pagus Vellaus ('Vellavian district'), currently with cohors II Tungrorum. RIB 2107

 

Roma

High Rochester: altar to D(eae) R(omae) by dupl(icarii) of the numerus exploratorum Bremeniensium, under the charge of the tribune Caepio Charitinus. RIB 1270

 

Roma Aeterna (Eternal Rome)

Maryport: altar by G. Cornelius Peregrinus, tribune of the cohort and decurio of Saldae in Mauretania Caesariensis. RIB 812 (with Fatum Bonum, Fortuna Redux, and Genius loci)

Maryport: votive pillar. RIB 840 (with Fortuna Redux)

 

Romulus

Custom Scrubs, Bisley: relief made by Juventinus and by Gulioepius. RIB 132

 

Salus (Health)

Binchester: altar by M. Aure[lius ...]ocomas, me[dicus], for welfare of ala Vet[tonum]. RIB 1028 (with Aesculapius)

Chester: altar by the liberti and familia of the legate T. Pomponius Mamilianus (see Chapter 9). RIB 445 (with Aesculapius and Fortuna Redux)

Corbridge: altar by G. Julius Apolinaris, centurion of VI Victrix, his name replacing someone else's. RIB 1131 (with Caelestis Brigantia and Jupiter Aeternus Dolichenus)

Ribchester: altar during the governorship of Gordianus(?) (see Gordian I in Chapter 9) in c. 216. RIB 590 (with Victoria of Caracalla)

 

Salus Regina (Queen of Health)

Caerleon: altar by P. Sallienius Tha[la]mus, prefect of II Augusta, about 198-209 (see RIB 326). RIB 324

 

Sattada or Satiada

Vindolanda?: altar by the curia of the Textoverdi. RIB 1695

 

Serapis, see also Jupiter Serapis

York: relief by Claudius Hieronymianus, legate of VI Victrix, recording the dedication of a temple, late second/early third century. RIB 658 (74)

 

Setlocenia

Maryport: altar by Labareus, a German. RIB 841

 

Senua

Baldock: named on dedications deposited in a spring in a shrine complex. Not yet formally published. Probably conflated with Minerva

 

Signa (Standards)

Birdoswald: statue base by cohors I Aelia [Dacorum?]. RIB 1904 (with Numen Augusti)

High Rochester: altar to Signa cohors I Vardullorum by Egnatius Lucilianus, propraetorian legate for the cohors I Vardullorum and numerus Exploratorum Brem(enensium) under the charge of Cassius Sabinianus, tribune, between 238-44. RIB 1262 (with Genius Domini Nostri)

 

Signa cohortis (Standards of the cohort)

High Rochester: altar by T. Licinius Valerianus, tribune, for cohors I Vardullorum. RIB 1263 (with Genius cohortis)

 

Silvanae [et] Quadrvae Caelestis (The Heavenly Silvanae nymphs and Quadruae)

Westerwood, Cumbernauld: altar by Vibia Pacata, wife of Flavius Verecundus, centurion of VI Victrix. JRS liv (1964), 178, no. 7

 

Silvanus see also Vinotonus Silvanus

Auchendavy: altar. RIB 2178

Bar Hill: altar by [C]aristanius [J]ustianus, prefect of cohors I Hamiorum. RIB 2167

Birdoswald: altar by venatores Bannie(n)sses. RIB 1905 (formerly believed to refer to Bewcastle)

Cadder: altar by L. Tanicius Verus, prefect. RIB 2187 (see ILS 8759b for a possible ancestor of this man in 80-1 in Egypt)

Carvoran: altar by Vellaeus. RIB 1790

Cirencester: altar by Sabidius Maximus. RIB 104

Colchester: bronze plate by Hermes. RIB 195

Corbridge: altar by a vexillation of II Augusta and cuneus [...]. RIB 1136

Eastgate: altar by Aurelius Quirinus, prefect of cohors I Lingonum at Lanchester, between c. 238-44. RIB 1042 (datable from RIB 1091-2, naming this man under Gordian III) (70)

Hadrian's Wall (milecastle 49): altar to [Si]l[v]an[us] by Flavius Marcellinus, decurio. RIB 1870

Haile (find-spot unknown): altar made by Primus, custos armorum. RIB 796 (with Hercules)

Kirkby Thore: altar by Ael[...]. RIB 763

Lanchester: pedestal by M. Didius Provincialis beneficiarius consularis. RIB 1085

Moresby: altar by cohors II Lingonum, commanded by G. Pompeius Saturninus. RIB 798

Netherby: altar. RIB 972

Nettleton: altar by [A]ur(elius) Pu[...]. JRS lix (1969), 235, no. 1, and Wedlake (1982), 136, no. 2 (with Numen Augusti)

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: altar by G(aius) Val(erius). RIB 1321

Newstead: altar by G. Arrius Domitianus, centurion of XX Valeria Victrix. RIB 2124 (see this man again at Newstead under Diana Regina and Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Old Penrith: altars. RIB 923-4

Risingham: altar to Sil[vanus]. RIB 1207 (with Cocidius)

Somerdale Keynsham: altar by G. Indutius Felix in 155. RIB 181 (with Numina divina Augustorum)

Vindolanda: altar by Aurelius Modestus of II Augusta, and beneficiarius consularis superioris Britannia Superior. RIB 1696

York: altar by L. Celerinius Vitalis, cornicularius with IX Hispana before 120. RIB 659

Unprovenanced (now at Hereford): altar. RIB 303

 

Silvanus Callirius

Colchester: bronze plate by Cintusmus, aerarius. RIB 194

 

Silvanus Cocidius

Housesteads: altar by Q. Florius Maternus, prefect of cohors I Tungrorum. RIB 1578

 

Silvanus Invictus (Unconquerable Silvanus)

Bollihope Common: altar by G. Tetius Veturius Micianus, prefect of ala Sebosiana, recording a boar kill (secondary text). RIB 1041 (primary text for Numina Augustorum)

 

Silvanus Pantheus

High Rochester: altar to Silvanus [Pa]ntheus by Eutychus, libertus, for [Ru]fin[us], tribune commanding [cohors I Vardullorum] (from RIB 1288) and his wife (Julia) [L]ucilla. RIB 1271 (Rufinus' tombstone, RIB 1288, appears to record his wife's full name and by implication his career though in fact the deceased's name is lost)

 

Silvanus Vinotonus, see Vinotonus, and Vinotonus Silvanus

 

Sol (The Sun)

Housesteads: altar by Herion. RIB 1601

 

Sol Apollo Anicetus [Mithras] where Anicetus is the Greek for Invictus

Rudchester: altar by Aponius Rogatianus. RIB 1397

 

Sol Invictus (The Unconquerable Sun) (sometimes as Mithras)

Castlesteads: altar by S. Severius Salvator, prefect. RIB 1992

Castlesteads: altar by M. Licinius Ripanus. RIB 1993

Corbridge: slab by a vexillation of VI Victrix during the governorship of S. Calpurnius Agricola, c. 163-6. RIB 1137

High Rochester: slab recording a building by L. Caecilius Optatus, tribune of cohors I Vardullorum, about 213. RIB 1272 (conflated with Mithras Invictus)

Lanchester: altar dedicated to S(ol) I(nvictus). RIB 1082 (with Mithras and Cautopates)

London: panel dedicated to [Sol] Invictus. RIB 4 (with Mithras?)

Rudchester: altar by T. Claudius Decimus Cornelius Antonius, prefect, to Mithras as Sol Invictus on the restoration of the mithraeum. RIB 1396

 

[Sol Invictus Elagabalus] (this name of the emperor, deified in his lifetime, is entirely restored on the inscription by RIB)

Chesters: slab recording the restoration of a building and by Septimius Nilus, prefect of ala II Asturum during the governorship of Marius Valerianus in 221. RIB 1465

 

Sol Invictus Mitras/Mytras Saecularis (The Unconquerable Sun, Mithras, Lord of the Ages)

Castlesteads: altar to Sol [Invi]ctus M[ith]r[a]s by M. Licinius Ripanus, prefect. RIB 1993

Housesteads: altar by Litorius Pacactianus, beneficiarius consularis. RIB 1599

Housesteads: altar by Publicius Proculinus, centurion, in 252. RIB 1600

 

Sol Mitras (sic)

Castlesteads: altar. RIB 1994

 

Soteres (Greek Saviour Gods)

Chester: altar by Hermogenes, hiatros (= medicus). RIB 461

 

Sucabus

Hadrian's Wall?: slab by Cunovindus. Brit. ii (1971), 292, no. 14

 

Suleviae, see also Matres Suleviae

Bath: statue base by Sulinus, scultor, son of Brucetus. RIB 151 (see Cirencester below)

Binchester: altar dedicated by the [ala] Vett[onum]. RIB 1035

Cirencester: altar by Sulinus, son of Brucetus. RIB 105 (see Bath above). RIB 151, and under Sulis Minerva below. RIB 150)

Cirencester: altar by [P]rimus. RIB 106

 

Sulis

Bath: altar by Aufidius Eutuches, libertus of and for the good of M. Aufidius Maximus, centurion of VI Victrix. RIB 143 (see next entry)

Bath: altar by M. Aufidius Lemnus, libertus of and for the good of (M.) Aufidius Maximus, centurion of VI Victrix. RIB 144 (see previous entry)

Bath: altar by L. Manius Dionisias, libertus, for the good of G. Jav[olenus Sa]tur[nal]is (see L. Javolenus Priscus in Chapter 9), imaginifer of II Augusta. RIB 147

Bath: altar by Q. Pompeius Anicetus. RIB 148

Bath: altar by Priscus, lapidarius, from the Carnutes tribe (in Gaul, around Chartres), and son of Toutius. RIB 149

 

Sulis Minerva

Bath: fragment of inscribed frieze recording repairs at the expense of Claudius Ligur[...]. RIB 141(d)

Bath: altar by G. Curiatius Saturninus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 146 (with Numina Augustorum)

Bath: altar by Sulinus, son of Maturus. RIB 150

Bath: base by L. Marcius Memor, haruspex of Sulis. JRS lvi (1966) 217, no. 1 (and Cunliffe and Davenport, 1985, 130, 9A.1)

 

Suria, see also Ceres Dea Suria

Carvoran: altar by Lic[in]ius [Cl]em[ens], prefect of co]h(ors) I Ha[miorum], during the governorship of Calpurnius Agricola, between c. 163-6. RIB 1792

Catterick: altar by Gaius N[...] O[...], beneficiarius. RIB 726

 

Tanarus, see Jupiter Tanarus

 

Terra Batavorum (Land of the Batavians) - now rejected

The sole instance of this supposed deity, on RIB 902, is now re-read as Brigantia Augusta. See above and RIB95

 

Tethys

York: bronze plate, texts in Greek, by Demetrius (see RIB for this man who may be a figure mentioned by Plutarch). RIB 663 (with Oceanus) (attached to RIB 662, see next entry)

 

Theoi Hegemonikoi (Greek: Gods of the governor's headquarters)

York: bronze plate, texts in Greek, by Scribonius Demetrius. RIB 662 (attached to RIB 663 dedicated to Oceanus and Tethys)

 

Tridam[...]

Unprovenanced (now at Michaelchurch, Herefords): altar by Bellicus. RIB 304

 

Tutela Brigantia Augusta (Guardian Brigantia Augusta)

Old Carlisle: altar to T(utela) B(rigantia) A(ugusta) by T. Aurelius. RIB 902 (re-reading in RIB95 of a stone formerly thought to refer to Terra Batavorum)

 

Unseni Fersomeri

Old Penrith: altar by Burcanius, Arcavius, Vagdavarcustus, and Pov[.]c[.]arus. RIB 926

 

Vanauns

Castlesteads: altar by Aurelius Armiger, decurio princeps. RIB 1991 (with Numen Augusti)

 

Verbeia

Ilkley: altar by Clodius Fronto, prefect of cohors II Lingonum. RIB 635

 

Vernostonus Cocidius

Ebchester: altar by Virilis, a German. RIB 1102

 

Veter/Veteres/Vheteris/Viter/Vitiris/Votris, variously male or female, singular or plural, and numerous other variants. See also Hueeteris, and Mogons Vitiris

Benwell: altar to Vetris. RIB 1335

Benwell: altar to the Vitires. RIB 1336

Carrawburgh: altar to Veteris by Uccus. RIB 1548

Carvoran: altar to Veteris by Necalames. RIB 1793

Carvoran: altar to Veteris by Necalames. RIB 1794

Carvoran: altar to Vetiris by Julius Pastor, imaginifer of cohors II Delmatarum. RIB 1795

Carvoran: altar to Vetiris by Andiatis. RIB 1796

Carvoran: altar to Veteris. RIB 1797

Carvoran: altar to Viteris. RIB 1798

Carvoran: altar to Vitiris by Menius Dada. RIB 1799

Carvoran: altar to Vitiris by Milus and Aurides. RIB 1800

Carvoran: altar to Vitiris by Ne[ca]limes (sic, but see 1793-4 above). RIB 1801

Carvoran: altars to the Veteres. RIB 1802-4

Carvoran: altar to the Vitires by Deccius. RIB 1805

Catterick: altar to Vheteris by Aurelius Mucianus. RIB 727

Chester-le-Street: altar to Vitiris by Duihno. RIB 1046

Chester-le-Street: altar to the goddesses the Vitires by Vitalis. RIB 1047

Chester-le-Street: altar to the goddesses the Vit(ires). RIB 1048

Chesters: altar to Vitiris by Tertulus. RIB 1455

Chesters: altar to the Veteres. RIB 1456

Chesters: altar to Vitiris. RIB 1457

Chesters: altar to Votris. RIB 1458

Corbridge: altar to Vetiris. RIB 1139

Corbridge: altar to Vitiris. RIB 1140

Corbridge: altar to Vit(iris) by Mitius. RIB 1141

Ebchester: altar to Vitiris by Maximus. RIB 1103

Ebchester: altar to Vitiris. RIB 1104

Greatchesters: altar to Vetiris. RIB 1728

Greatchesters: altar to the Veteres by Romana. RIB 1729

Greatchesters: altar to the Veteres. RIB 1730

Hadrian's Wall (exact location unknown): altar to Veteris. RIB 2068

Housesteads: altar to the Veteres. RIB 1604

Housesteads: altar to the Veteres. RIB 1605

Housesteads: altar to the Veteres by Aurelius Victor. RIB 1606

Lanchester: altar to Vit(iris). RIB 1087

Lanchester: altar to Vitiris by [....], princeps. RIB 1088

Piercebridge: altar to Veteris. Brit. v (1974), 461, no. 3

South Shields: altar to Vitiris by Cr[...]. Brit. xviii (1987), 368, no. 7

Thistleton: silver plaque to Vete[ris] by Mocux[s]oma. RIB 2431.3

Vindolanda: altar to [V]ete[r]is. RIB 1697

Vindolanda: altar to Veteris. RIB 1698

Vindolanda: altar to the Veteres by Senaculus. RIB 1699

Vindolanda: altar to the Veteres by Longinus. Brit. iv (1973), 329, no. 11

Vindolanda: altar to the Veteres by Senilis. Brit. iv (1973), 329, no. 12

Vindolanda: altar to Vetir. Brit. vi (1975), 285, no. 6

Vindolanda: altar to Ve[ter]. Brit. vi (1975), 285, no. 7

Vindolanda: altar to the Vitirum. Brit. x (1979), 346, no. 8

York: altar to Veter by Primulus. RIB 660

 

Vicres

Old Penrith: altar by T(...) S(....). RIB 925

 

Victor, see Hercules Victor and Mars Victor

 

Victoria (Victory)

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2177 (with Campestres, Epona, Hercules, Mars, and Minerva)

Birdoswald: altar by Aurelius Maximus. RIB 1899 (with Mars)

Brougham: altar. RIB 779 (with Mars)

Carlisle: altar by M. [Aurelius?] Syrio, military tribune with XX Valeria Victrix, between 213-22. Brit. xx (1989), 331-3, no. 5 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus, Juno, Mars, and Minerva)

Colchester: statue in existence by 60. Tacitus, Annals xiv.32

Colchester: bronze plaque to Victoria of Severus Alexander by Lossio Veda, a Caledonian, between 222-35. RIB 191 (with Mars Medocius Campesium)

Hadrian's Wall (1.25 miles south of mc 51): crag inscription recording aurea per caelum volitat Victoria pennis, 'golden Victory flies through the sky on her wings'. RIB 1954

High Rochester: base by Julius Silvanus Melanio. RIB 1273, see RIB95, p. 781 (with Pax)

Housesteads: altar by [...], custos armorum. RIB 1596 (with Mars and Numina Augustorum)

Lanchester: altar by Ulpius. RIB 1086

Ribchester: base. RIB 585 (with Mars)

Ribchester: altar to the Victoria of Caracalla during the governorship of Gordianus(?) (see Gordian I in Chapter 9) in c. 216. RIB 590 (with Salus)

Rough Castle: altar by cohors VI Nerviorum, commanded by Flavius Betto, centurion of XX Valeria Victrix. RIB 2144

 

Victoria Augusti/Augustorum (Victoria of the Emperor/Emperors)

Benwell: altar by ala I Asturum, during the governorship of Alfenus Senecio, between c. 205-8. RIB 1337

Birrens: altar by cohors II Tungrorum under the prefect Silvius Auspex. RIB 2100 (with Mars)

Castlesteads: relief. RIB 1995

Corbridge: altar by L. Julius Juli[anus]. RIB 1138

Greatchesters: altar by cohors VI Nerviorum, under the prefect G. Julius Barbarus. RIB 1731

Maryport: altar by cohors I Baetasiorum, under the prefect T. Attius Tutor. RIB 842

Maryport: altar by cohors I Baetasiorum, under the prefect Ulpius Titianus. RIB 843

Newcastle-upon-Tyne: altar. RIB 1316 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

 

Victoria Augustorum Dominorum Nostrorum (Victoria of the Emperors, our Lords)

Maryport: altar. RIB 844

 

Victoria Brigantia (Victorious Brigantia)

Castleford: altar by Aurelius Senopianus. RIB 628

Greetland: altar by T. Aurelius Aurelianus, magister sacrorum, in 208. RIB 627 (with Numina Augustorum)

 

Victoria legionis VI Victricis (Victory of VI Victrix)

Tunshill Farm: silver plate dedicated by Valerius Rufus. The find-spot in a quarry makes it likely it had been removed from elsewhere in antiquity, perhaps York. RIB 582

 

Victoria Victrix (Victorious Victory)

Auchendavy: altar by M. Cocceius Firmus, centurion of II Augusta. RIB 2176 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

 

Vinotonus

Scargill Moor, Bowes: altar by L. Caesius Frontinus, prefect of cohors I Thracum. RIB 733

Scargill Moor, Bowes: altar by V[inotono]. RIB 737

 

Vinotonus Silvanus

Scargill Moor, Bowes: altar by Julius Secundus, centurion of cohors I Thracum. RIB 732

 

Vinotonus Silvanus Augustus

Scargill Moor, Bowes: altar by T. [O]rbius Pri[mia]nus, prefect of [cohors I Thracum?]. Brit. xix (1988), 491, no. 7

 

Viradecthis

Birrens: altar by the Condrusi (a German tribe) serving in cohors II Tungrorum, under the prefect G. Silvius Auspex. RIB 2108

 

Virgo Caelestis (for Julia Domna) see also see also Bona Dea Regina Caelestis, Caelestis Brigantia, and Regina Caelestis

Carvoran: altar by M. Caecilius Donatianus, prefect, between 197-217. RIB 1791 (with Virtus, Mater, Pax, and Ceres)

 

Viridios or Viridius

Ancaster: slab by Trenico, recording his making an arch. JRS lii (1962), 192, no. 7

Ancaster: slab in a grave, naming DEO V(I)RIDIO SANCTO. Britannia forthcoming. See Ancaster for more details

 

Virtus (Virtue)

Bath: altar by G. Severius Emeritus, c(enturio) reg(ionarius). RIB 152 (with Numen Augusti)

Carvoran: altar by M. Caecilius Donatianus, prefect. RIB 1791 (with Virgo Caelestis, Mater, Pax, and Ceres)

Chesters: altar by ala II Asturum in 221-2. RIB 1466

Duntocher: relief of 139-61 by a vexillation of VI Victrix. RIB 2200

Maryport: altar by [...]iana Hermoniae, daughter of Quintus. RIB 845

 

Volcanus Vulcan

Barkway: silver votif leaf to Nu(mini) [Vo]lc(an)o. RIB 220

Maryport: altar to V[olcano?] (or Victoria). RIB 835 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Maryport: altar by Helstrius Novellus, prefect (of cohors I Hispanorum, see RIB 822 under Jupiter Optimus Maximus above). RIB 846

Old Carlisle: altar to V(o)lk(ano) by the magistri of the vicus inhabitants between 238-44. RIB 899 (with Jupiter Optimus Maximus)

Stony Stratford: silver plate to [Vo]lca(no) by Vassinus. RIB 215 (with Jupiter)

Vindolanda: altar by vicus inhabitants at Vindolanda. RIB 1700 (with Domus Divina and Numina Augustorum)

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Deities by LOCATION

Adel (W. Yorks)

Brigantia

 

Aldborough (N. Yorks)

Matres

 

Ancaster (Lincs)

Viridius

 

Ashton (Northants)

Christ

 

Auchendavy (AW)

Apollo

Campestres

Diana

Epona

Genius Terrae Britannicae

Hercules

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Mars

Minerva

Silvanus

Victoria

Victoria Victrix

 

Bakewell (Derbys)

Mars Braciaca

 

Balmuildy (AW)

Britannia

Campestres

Fortuna

Mars

 

Bar Hill (AW)

Apollo

Mars Camulus

Silvanus

 

Barkway (Herts)

Mars Alator

Mars Toutatis

Volcanus

 

Bath (Avon)

Diana

Genius loci

Mars

Mars Loucetius

Minerva

Nemetona

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Suleviae

Sulis

Sulis-Minerva

Virtus

 

Benwell (HW)

Antenociticus

Campestres

Genius ALAE

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Lamiae

Mars

Mars Victor

Matres Campestres

Minerva

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

Victoria

 

Bertha (Perth)

Disciplina

 

Bewcastle (Cumbria)

Cocidius

Disciplina

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Mars Belatucadrus

Mars Cocidius

 

Binchester (Durham)

Fortuna Sancta

Genius loci

Jupiter

Matres

Matres Ollotatae

Salus

Suleviae

 

Birdoswald (HW)

Cocidius

Fortuna

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Latis

Mars

Mars Augustus

Mars Pater

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Ratis

Signa

Silvanus

Victoria

 

Birrens (Dum & Gall)

Brigantia

Disciplina

Fortuna

Harimella

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Mars

Mercury

Minerva

Neptune

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Priapus

Ricagambeda

Victoria

Viradecthis

 

Bitterne (Hants)

Ancasta

 

Bollihope (Durham)

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Silvanus Invictus

 

Bowes (Durham)

Fortuna

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Vinotonus

Vinotonus Silvanus

 

Bowness-on-Solway (HW)

Belatucadras

Matres

 

Brough-on-Humber (East Riding of Yorkshire)

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

 

Brough-on-Noe (Derbys)

Arnomecta

Hercules Augustus

Mars

 

Brougham (Cumbria)

Belatucadrus

Mars

Victoria

 

Burgh-by-Sands (HW)

Belatucadrus

Genius numeri Maurorum Aurelianorum Valeriani Gallienique

Hercules

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Latis

Mars Belatucadrus

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

 

Burrow-in-Lonsdale (Lancs)

Aesculalpius

Contrebis

Genius collegii Apollinis

Hygiaea

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

 

Cadder (AW)

Silvanus

 

Caerleon (Gwent)

Bonus Eventus et Fortuna

Diana

Domina Nemensis

Fortuna

Genius legionis II Augustae

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Mercury

Mithras

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Salus

 

Caernarvon (Gwynedd)

God

Minerva

 

Caerwent (Gwent)

Genius

Mars Lenus

Mars Ocelus

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Ocelus Vellaunus

 

Caister-on-Sea (Norfolk)

Mercury

 

Cappuck

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

 

Cardewlees (Cumbria)

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Numen domini nostri/Numina dominorum nostrorum

 

Carlisle (Cumbria)

Belatucadrus

Cautes

Genius centuriae

Genius loci

Hercules

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Juno

Mars

Mars Barrex

Mars Belatucadrus

Mars Ocelus

Mars Victor

Matres Parcae

Minerva

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Parcae

Victoria

 

Carrawburgh (HW)

Belatucadrus

Coventina

Coventina Augusta

Fortuna

Genius huius loci

Hviteres

Mater

Matres Communes

Minerva

Mithras

Mithras Invictus

Nympha/Nymphae

Nympha Coventina

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

 

Carriden (West Lothian)

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

 

Carvoran (HW)

Belatucadrus

Ceres Dea Suria

Epona

Fortuna Augusta

Hammia

Hercules

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Heliopolitanus

Mars Belatucadrus

Mater

Minerva

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Nympha/Nymphae

Pax

Regina Caelestis

Silvanus

Suria

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

Virgo Caelestis

Virtus

 

 

Castlecary (AW)

Fortuna

Matres

Mercury

Neptune

 

Castleford (W. Yorks)

Nymphs

Victoria Brigantia

 

Castlesteads (HW)

Belatucadrus

Disciplina

Genius loci

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Mars

Matres Omnium Gentium

Matres Tramarinae

Mithras

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Sol Invictus

Sol Mithras

Vanauns

Victoria

 

Catterick (N. Yorks)

Matres Domesticae

Suria

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

 

Chedworth (Gloucs)

Mars Lenus

 

Chester (Ches)

Aesculapius

Fortuna Redux

Genius centuriae

Genius loci

Genius sancta centuriae

Genius signiferorum legionis XX Valeria Victrix

Hypermenes

Hygiaea

Jupiter Taranus

Mars Conservator

Nemesis

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Nympha/Nymphae

Panakeia

Salus

Soteres

 

Chester-le-Street (Durham)

Apollo

Digenis

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

 

Chesters (HW)

Bona Dea Regina Caelestis

Disciplina

Fortuna Conservatrix

Genius legionis XX Valeria Victrix D[eciana]

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Matres Communes

Ratis

Regina Caelestis

Sol Invictus Elagabalus

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

Virtus

 

Chichester (West Sussex)

Genius

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Matres Domesticae

Minerva

Neptune

 

Cirencester (Gloucs)

Genius

Genius sancta huius loci

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Matres

Mercury

Silvanus

Suleviae

 

Clifton (Cumbria)

Genius loci

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

 

Cockersand Moss (Lancs)

Mars Nodens

 

Colchester (Essex)

Claudius Divus

Mars Medocius Campesium

Matres Suleviae

Mercury Andescociuoucus

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Silvanus

Silvanus Callirius

Victoria

 

Corbridge (Northd)

Arecurio (Mercury)

Apollo Maponus

Astarte

Brigantia

Concordia legionis VI Victrix et legionis XX

Diana

Disciplina

Hercules

Jupiter Dolichenus

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Mercury

Minerva

Panthea

Salus

Silvanus

Victoria

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

 

Cramond (Lothian)

Mars Condatis

Matres Alatervae

Matres Campestres

 

Croy Hill (AW)

Mars

Nympha/Nymphae

 

Custom Scrubs (Gloucs)

Mars Olludius

Romulus

 

Daglingworth (Gloucs)

Cuda?

Genius loci

Matres

 

Dorchester-on-Thames (Oxon)

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

 

Dover (Kent)

Matres Italicae

 

Duntocher (AW)

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Virtus

 

East Gate (Durham)

Silvanus

 

East Stoke (Notts)

Christ

 

Ebchester (Durham)

Genius

Mars

Minerva

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Vernostonus

 

Fossdike (also Fossdyke) (Lincs)

Mars

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

 

Gloster Hill (Northd)

Campestres

 

Gloucester

Genius cohortis

Mars

 

Godmanchester (Cambs)

Abandinus

 

Godmanstone (Dorset)

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

 

Greatchesters (HW)

Disciplina

Fortuna

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Victoria

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

 

Greetland (W. Yorks)

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Victoria Brigantia

 

Greta Bridge (N. Yorks)

Mars

Nympha/Nymphae

 

Hadrian's Wall (see also under individual fort names)

Apollo

Genius [...]vali

Hvitires

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Maponus

Mars Cocidius

Matres

Matres Domesticae

Nemesis

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Nympha Brigantia

Silvanus

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

 

Haile (Cumbria)

Hercules

Silvanus

 

Haltonchesters (HW)

Fortuna

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

 

Harlow (Essex)

Numen Augusti

 

High Rochester (Northd)

Genius

Genius domini nostri

Hercules

Matunus

Minerva

Mithras

Mountes

Pax

Roma

Signa

Signa cohortis

Silvanus Pantheus

Sol Invictus

Victoria

 

Housesteads (HW)

Alaisiagae

Baudihillia

Beda

Clarius Apollo

Cocidius

Fimmilena

Friagabis

Genius huius loci

Genius praesidii

Hercules

Hveteris

Hvitris

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Mars

Mars Thincsus

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Silvanus Cocidius

Sol

Sol Invictus Mithras Saecularis

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

 

Icklingham (Suff)

Christ

 

Ilkley (W. Yorks)

Verbeia

 

Inveresk (Lothian)

Apollo Grannus

 

Kirby Hill

Divus Antoninus

 

Kirkby Thore (Cumbria)

Belatucadrus

Balnearis Fortuna

Fortuna Servatrix

Jupiter Serapis

Silvanus

 

Lancaster (Lancs)

Ialonus Contrebis

Mars

Mars Cocidius

 

Lanchester (Durham)

Aesculapius

Cautopates

Fortuna Augusta

Garmangabis

Genius cohortis

Genius praetorii

Jupiter Optimus Maximus?

Mars

Mars Augustus

Mithras

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Regina

Silvanus

Sol Invictus

Victoria

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

 

Leicester (Leics)

Mercury Propitius

 

Lemington (Gloucs)

Regina

 

Lincoln

Dis

Genius loci

Mercury

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Parcae

 

London (including Greenwich)

Isis

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Mars Camulus

Matres

Mithras

Numen Caesaris Augusti

Sol Invictus

 

Lydney (Gloucs)

Mars Nodens

Nodens

 

Lympne (Kent)

Neptune

 

Malton (N. Yorks)

Genius loci

Mars Rigas

 

Manchester

Fortuna Conservatrix

 

Martlesham (Suffolk)

Mars Corotiacus

 

Maryport (Cumbria)

Aesculapius

Belatucadrus

Christ

Fatum Bonum

Fortuna Redux

Genius loci

Jupiter Augustus

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Capitolinus

Mars Militarus

Neptune

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Roma Aeterna

Setlocenia

Victoria

Virtus

Volcanus

 

Moresby (Cumbria)

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Silvanus

 

Mumrills (AW)

Hercules Magusanus

 

Netherby (Cumbria)

Fortuna Conservatrix

Iu[...]teris Fortunatus

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Mars Belatucadrus

Mogons Vitiris

Numen

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

 

Nettleham (Lincs)

Mars Rigonemetos

Numina Augustorum

 

Nettleton (Wilts)

Apollo Cunomaglos

Silvanus

 

Newcastle-upon-Tyne

Hospitales

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Matres

Matres Tramarinae Patriae

Neptune

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Oceanus

Silvanus

Victoria

 

Newstead (Roxburghs)

Apollo

Campestres

Diana

 

Old Carlisle (Cumbria)

Belatucadrus

Bellona

Deus

Genius

Hercules

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Conservator

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Mars

Mars Belatucadrus

Tutela Brigantia Augusta

Volcanus

 

Old Harlow (Essex)

Mercury

 

Old Penrith (Cumbria)

Belatucadrus

Genius dominorum nostrorum

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Mars Belatucadrus

Matres Tramarinae

Mogons

Mountis

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Silvanus

Unseni Fersomeri

Vicres

 

Overborough - see Burrow-in-Lonsdale

 

Piercebridge (Durham)

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Veter

 

Ribchester (Lancs)

Apollo Maponus

Mars

Mars Pacifer

Matres

Mithras

Victoria

 

Risingham (Northd)

Cocidius

Cultures

Diana

Fortuna

Fortuna Augusta

Fortuna Redux

Hercules

Hercules Invictus

Jupiter Optimus Maximus Dolichenus

Mars Victor

Matres Tramarinae

Mogons Cad[...]

Mounus Cad[...]

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Numen domini nostri/Numina dominorum nostrorum

Nympha/Nymphae

Silvanus

 

Rough Castle (AW)

Victoria

 

Rudchester (HW)

Deus (Mithras)

Sol Apollo Anicetus Mithras

Sol Invictus

 

Scarcroft (W. Yorks)

Apollo

Numen

 

Shakenoak (Oxon)

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

 

Silchester (Hants)

Hercules Saegon[...]

Mars

 

Skinburness (Cumbria)

Matres Parcae

 

Slack (W. Yorks)

Bregans

Fortuna

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

 

Somderdale Keynsham (Somerset)

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Silvanus

 

South Shields (Tyne & Wear)

Aesculapius

Apollo Anextiomarus

Brigantia

Conservatores

Mars Alator

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Vitiris

 

Staincross Common (S. Yorks)

Mars

 

Stanwix (HW)

Matres Domesticae

 

Stonea (Cambs)

Minerva

 

Stony Stratford (Bucks)

Jupiter

Mars

Volcanus

 

Thetford (Norfolk)

Faunus

 

Thistleton (Leics)

Veteris

 

Tilston (Cheshire)

Genius loci

 

Tunshill Farm (Lancs)

Victoria legionis VI Victricis

 

Ty Coch (Gwynedd)

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

 

Uley (Gloucs)

Mercury

 

Vindolanda (Chesterholm) (Northd)

Cocidius

Custodes

Fortuna Populi Romani

Genius

Genius praetorii

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Maponus

Mars Victor

Matres

Mercury

Mogons

Neptune

Numen

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Sattada

Silvanus

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

Volcanus

 

Walesby (Lincs)

Christ

 

Wallsend (HW)

Mercury

 

Water Newton (Cambs)

Christ

 

West Coker (Somerset)

Mars Rigisamus

 

Westerwood (AW)

Silvanae and Quadriviae

 

Whitley Castle (Northd)

Apollo

Hercules

Hercules Victor

Minerva

 

Wigginholt (West Sussex)

Christ

 

Winchester (Hants)

Matres Italiae Germanae Gallae Britanniae

 

York

Arciaco

Arimanes

Bonus Eventus et Fortuna

Britannia

Dis

Fortuna

Genius Eb[oraci?]

Genius loci

Hercules

Hospitales

Ioug[...]

Jupiter Optimus Maximus

Mars

Matres

Matres Afrae Italae Gallae

Matres Domesticae

Mercury

Numen Augusti/Numina Augustorum

Oceanus

Penates

Serapis

Silvanus

Tethys

Veter/Veteres/Viter/Vitiris/Votris

 

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